Hand grip strength in the adult Malaysian population

University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) (Impact Factor: 0.7). 09/2006; 14(2):172-7.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To measure the hand grip strength of Malaysians aged 18 to 65 years.
Between January and April 2003, 412 subjects (200 women and 212 men) were recruited from staff, students, and visitors of the University of Malaya Medical Centre. Socioeconomic, general health, and lifestyle data were collected from each subject using a standard questionnaire. Weight and height were measured prior to testing. Standardised positioning and instructions based on several hand grip protocols were used. Data were collected using the LIDO kinetic work set.
93% of the subjects were right-hand dominant and 7% were left-hand dominant. Hand grip strength was significantly correlated with hand dominance, gender, occupation, height, and weight, but not body mass index. No significant differences in grip strength were noted with regard to race or level of income. Men were stronger than women in all age-groups, with a ratio of 1.75:1. In both right- and left-hand dominant groups, the dominant hand was consistently stronger than the non-dominant side, with a ratio of 1.12:1 in the right-hand dominant group and 1.05:1 in the left-hand dominant group. The strongest hand grip strength in the right-hand dominant group occurred in the age-group of 25 to 34 years; in the left-hand dominant group it was in the age-group of 18 to 24 years. In western populations, the mean grip strength can be as much as 1.5 times greater than in the Malaysian population.
Data derived from western populations cannot be applied to a comparable Malaysian population. Gender, hand dominance, age, occupation, weight, and height must be considered when establishing normal values for grip strength.

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Article: Hand grip strength in the adult Malaysian population

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    • "In addition, there are a number of studies that found crossnational and ethnic differences in grip strength (e.g.; Guthrie et al. cited in Chapanis, 1975; Desrosiers et al., 1995; Butler, 1997; Kothiyal and Tettey, 2000; Kamarul et al., 2006; Andersen- Ranberg et al., 2009; Wu et al., 2009; Werle et al., 2009; Araujo et al., 2010). According to Andersen-Ranberg et al. (2009), geneeenvironment (geographical region) interactions may explain country-specific differences. "
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    • "To the best of our knowledge, the present study for the first time presents information on 2D:4D and handgrip strength of both sexes in Hani ethnicity. The main findings are 1) the mean 2D:4D in females was higher than that in males for both hands, which supports the related finding on East-Asian 2D:4D [2]; 2) females showed significantly higher 2D:4D than males in the right hand but not in the left hand; 3) no significant sex difference was found on right-left 2D:4D; 4) a significant sex difference was found on handgrip strength, which may be due to some sex-specific traits [32], [40], [41], [42]; 5) handgrip strength decreased with age for both sexes, which is in accord with many previous studies [8], [43]–[46]; 6) as expected, a significant negative correlation between 2D:4D and handgrip strength was only found in the right hand of males. "
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    PLoS ONE 10/2013; 8(10):e77958. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0077958 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "These values suggest hospitalized older patients in the UK have stronger grip strengths than those in Malaysia. Other studies have also observed a lower range of grip strength in Southeast Asian populations compared to Caucasians (Kamarul et al., 2006; Table 1 Characteristics of male and female participants. "
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