Incidence and prognosis of colorectal dysplasia in inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study from Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (Impact Factor: 5.48). 09/2006; 12(8):669-76. DOI: 10.1097/00054725-200608000-00001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The risk, fate, and ideal management of colorectal dysplasia in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remain debated. We estimated the incidence, long-term outcome, and risk factors for progression of colorectal dysplasia (adenomas [adenoma-associated lesions or masses (ALMs)], flat dysplasia, and dysplasia-associated lesions or masses [DALMs]) in a population-based IBD cohort from Olmsted County, Minnesota.
The Rochester Epidemiology Project was used to identify cohort patients with colorectal dysplasia. Medical records were reviewed for demographic and clinical characteristics. Histology slides were reviewed by a pathologist blinded to previous pathology reports. The cumulative incidence of dysplasia was estimated, and the association between patient characteristics and recurrence/progression of dysplasia was assessed using proportional hazards regression.
Twenty-nine (4%) IBD patients developed flat dysplasia (n = 8), DALMs (n = 1), ALMs in areas of IBD (n = 18), or ALMs outside areas of IBD (n = 2). Among 6 patients with flat low-grade dysplasia (fLGD) who did not undergo colectomy, none progressed during a median of 17.8 (range 6-21) years of observation with a median of 3 (range 0-12) surveillance colonoscopies. Four (22%) patients with ALMs in areas of IBD who did not undergo surgery developed LGD or DALMs. Primary sclerosing cholangitis and dysplasia located proximal to the splenic flexure were significantly associated with risk for recurrence/progression of dysplasia.
This population-based cohort study from Olmsted County, Minnesota did not confirm an increased risk of cancer related to fLGD, whereas 22% of patients with ALMs in areas of IBD developed fLGD or DALMs.

  • Gastroenterology 03/2015; 148(3). DOI:10.1053/j.gastro.2015.01.029 · 13.93 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic surveillance of patients with ulcerative colitis aims to prevent cancer-related morbidity through the detection and treatment of dysplasia. The literature to date varies widely with regard to the importance of dysplasia as a marker for colorectal cancer at the time of colectomy.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 08/2014; 57(8):993-998. DOI:10.1097/DCR.0000000000000172 · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To review the current literature for the specific clinical characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). A systematical review for clinical characteristics of IBD in PSC was performed by conducting a broad search for "primary sclerosing cholangitis" in Pubmed. "Clinical characteristics" were specified into five predefined subthemes: epidemiology of IBD in PSC, characteristics of IBD in PSC (i.e., location, disease behavior), risk of colorectal cancer development, IBD recurrence and de novo disease after liver transplantation for PSC, and safety and complications after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Papers were selected for inclusion based on their relevance to the subthemes, and were reviewed by two independent reviewers. Only full papers relevant to PSC-IBD were included. Additionally the references of recent reviews for PSC (< 5 years old) were scrutinized for relevant articles. Initial literature search for PSC yielded 4704 results. After careful review 65 papers, comprising a total of 11406 PSC-IBD patients, were selected and divided according to subtheme. Four manuscripts overlapped and were included in two subthemes. Prevalence of IBD in PSC shows a large variance, ranging from 46.5% to 98.7% with ulcerative colitis (UC) being the most common type (> 75%). The highest IBD rates in PSC are found in papers reviewing both endoscopic and histological data for IBD diagnosis. Although IBD in PSC is found to be a quiescent disease, pancolitis occurs often, with rates varying from 35% to 95%. Both backwash ileitis and rectal sparing are observed infrequently. The development of dysplasia or colorectal carcinoma is increased in PSC-IBD; the cumulative 10 years risk varying between 0% and 11%. Exacerbation of IBD is common after liver transplantation for PSC and de novo disease is seen in 1.3% to 31.3% of PSC-IBD patients. The risk for development of pouchitis in PSC-IBD is found to be significant, affecting 13.8% to 90% of the patients after proctocolectomy with ileo anal-pouch anastomosis. IBD in primary sclerosing cholangitis represents a distinct phenotype that differs from UC and Crohn's disease and therefore requires specialized management.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Mar 13, 2015