Ultrasonography in detection of single and multiple abnormal parathyroid glands in primary hyperparathyroidism: comparison with radionuclide scintigraphy and surgery.
ABSTRACT Among the parathyroid imaging techniques, ultrasonography (USG) has the advantage of convenience, easy availability and low cost.
To study the role of USG in localization (side and/or site) of abnormal parathyroid glands in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and to compare with radionuclide scintigraphy and the 'gold standard', surgery.
Forty-six consecutive patients undergoing USG of the anterior neck for a diagnosis of PHPT in whom a nuclear scan (technetium-99m sestamibi and/or thallium-201/technetium-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy) was also performed, were studied. The results of imaging were independently interpreted and correlated with reference to surgical findings.
Forty-six patients had 52 abnormal parathyroid glands on surgical exploration and surgery was successful in all but one. Forty-one patients had a single adenoma, four had multigland disease and one had a paraganglioma. USG correctly localized the abnormal gland in 30 (73%) and scintigraphy was positive in 40 (98%) out of 41 patients with a single adenoma as confirmed on surgical exploration. Scintigraphy showed a positive concordant test in all 30 patients with a single abnormal gland detected on USG and picked up 10 out of 11 abnormal glands where USG was negative. The sensitivity and positive predictive value of USG for detecting a single abnormal gland was 73% and 100%, respectively, whereas the sensitivity and positive predictive value for scintigraphy was 98%. In patients with multigland disease, USG missed 3 (30%) out of 10 and scintigraphy missed 6 (60%) out of 10 abnormal parathyroid glands as confirmed on surgical exploration (P < 0.05). However, in two patients who had ectopic parathyroid gland, both the modalities localized the lesion in one (paraganglioma), whereas in the other neither test was helpful (left retro-esophageal).
USG is a convenient, affordable and useful modality to localize abnormal enlarged parathyroid glands in the majority of patients with PHPT. However, when USG is negative, scintigraphy is complementary to it.
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Article: Primary hyperparathyroidism.The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 09/2012; 60:53-4.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to study the diagnostic value of parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration in the needle washout of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) compared to cytology of suspicious lesions suggestive of culprit parathyroid glands in patients with recurrent or persistent primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Patients with recurrent or persistent PHPT, who were referred to one surgeon and underwent FNA of the culprit parathyroid lesion preoperatively, were included in this study. All patients underwent comprehensive neck ultrasound, and suspicious lesions underwent ultrasound-guided FNA by the same surgeon. The aspiration cytology was read by a single dedicated cytopathologist blinded to the PTH washout results. A positive cutoff value for PTH washout concentration was defined as superior to serum PTH level obtained at the same time. The final diagnosis after reoperative surgery was confirmed by the same cytopathologist. RESULTS: Twenty-four consecutive patients were included. The mean serum PTH and calcium were 111.5 ± 106.25 pg/mL (normal: 15-65 pg/mL) and 10.8 ± 0.5 mg/dL (normal: 8.6-10.2 pg/mL), respectively. Twenty-two patients (91.6%) had elevated PTH washout concentrations with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 100%. Cytopathology was successful in confirming parathyroid tissue only in seven patients (29%). An adenoma was identified in 19 patients (79.1%); however, five patients (20.8%) were found to have multiglandular disease. CONCLUSIONS: An elevated PTH washout concentration can help identify culprit parathyroid gland lesions with a high PPV in patients requiring reoperative parathyroid surgery. This diagnostic technique allows for targeted surgical approach in reoperative settings, especially in patients with negative preoperative sestamibi scans. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4. Laryngoscope, 2012.The Laryngoscope 04/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor
- Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 12/2012; 16(Suppl 2):S140-1.