Diethylenetriamine-grafted poly(glycidyl methacrylate) adsorbent for effective copper ion adsorption.
ABSTRACT Amine-functionalized adsorbents have attracted increasing interest in recent years for heavy metal removal. In this study, diethylenetriamine (DETA) was successfully grafted (through a relatively simple solution reaction) onto poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) microgranules to obtain an adsorbent (PGMA-DETA) with a very high content of amine groups and the PGMA-DETA adsorbent was examined for copper ion removal in a series of batch adsorption experiments. It was found that the PGMA-DETA adsorbent achieved excellent adsorption performance in copper ion removal and the adsorption was most effective at pH>3 in the pH range of 1-5 examined. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed that there were different types of amine sites on the surfaces of the PGMA-DETA adsorbent but copper ion adsorption was mainly through forming surface complexes with the neutral amine groups on the adsorbent, resulting in better adsorption performance at a higher solution pH value. The adsorption isotherm data best obeyed the Langmuir-Freundlich model and the adsorption capacity reached 1.5 mmol/g in the case of pH 5 studied. The adsorption process was fast (with adsorption equilibrium time less than 1-4 h) and closely followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Desorption of copper ions from the PGMA-DETA adsorbent was most effectively achieved in a 0.1 M dilute nitric acid solution, with 80% of the desorption being completed within the first 1 min. Consecutive adsorption-desorption experiments showed that the PGMA-DETA adsorbent can be reused almost without any loss in the adsorption capacity.
- SourceAvailable from: Lingam RavikumarWater Resources and Industry. 01/2014;
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ABSTRACT: A novel, low cost and easy regeneration biosorbent, chem-modified walnut shell (MWNS), was studied to investigate its potential for removal of an anionic dye, reactive brilliant red K-2BP. The MWNS was synthesized with epichlorohydrin and diethylenetriamine as etherifying agent and crosslinking agent, respectively, and its characteristics were performed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, electron dispersive spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The influences of pH (0.5-11) and adsorbent dosage (0.1-6g/L) on adsorption capacity of MWNS were evaluated. The maximum K-2BP adsorption capacities (Qm) calculated by best fitting model (Langmuir) were 568.18mg/g at 313K, which was almost 10 times than that of raw material. The adsorption kinetic was well confirmed with pseudo-second-order equation. Thermodynamic studies demonstrated adsorption process by MWNS was spontaneous and endothermic. Furthermore, the regeneration capability of MWNS implied MWNS was a cheap, excellent and promising biosorbent for K-2BP removal in azo dye wastewater treatment.Bioresource Technology 04/2014; 163C:199-205. · 4.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A chitosan-graft-poly(N-allyl maleamic acid) hydrogel membrane was prepared by radical polymerization in the absence of a cross-linker. The product was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to confirm the formation of hydrogels. Transparent hydrogels have been observed to exhibit as much as 223.4 % swelling capacity, following pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The synthesized hydrogel membrane was subsequently utilized for removal of copper ions from an aqueous solution in the presence of several different functional groups. The effects on adsorption efficiency of various parameters such as time, temperature, pH, initial concentration of copper (II) solution, and amount of hydrogel were also investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity and efficiency were found to be 50.75 mg g−1 and 99.91 %, respectively, by the 0.004 mg adsorbent after 12 h of immersion in copper solution. Finally, the result showed that hydrogel membrane is pH sensitive to copper (II) adsorption and has maximum adsorption efficiency near to the pH of ground water.Water Air and Soil Pollution 08/2013; 224:1624. · 1.75 Impact Factor