Determination of competitive adsorption isotherm parameters of pindolol enantiomers on alpha1-acid glycoprotein chiral stationary phase.
ABSTRACT In this paper, inverse method (IM) was used to determine the binary competitive adsorption isotherm of pindolol enantiomers by a least-square fitting of the proposed model to the experimentally measured elution curves of racemic pindolol. The isotherm parameters were determined by minimizing the least-square error using an adaptation of genetic algorithm, non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm with jumping genes (NSGA-II-JG). An equilibrium dispersive (ED) model combined with bi-Langmuir isotherm was used in predicting the elution profiles. The determined parameters show good agreement with the experimental profiles at various experimental conditions such as sample volume, concentration and flow rates of the racemic mixture. Robustness and validity of the isotherm parameters were also verified by frontal analyses at various step inputs. Results from both the pulse tests and the frontal analysis indicate that adsorption isotherm derived from the inverse method is quite reliable. This method requires relatively less number of experiments to be performed and therefore, lower experimental costs confirming that inverse method is an attractive alternative approach of experimental technique in determining the competitive adsorption isotherm for binary systems.