Adsorption kinetics of an engineered gold binding Peptide by surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and a quartz crystal microbalance.
ABSTRACT The adsorption kinetics of an engineered gold binding peptide on gold surface was studied by using both quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy systems. The gold binding peptide was originally selected as a 14-amino acid sequence by cell surface display and then engineered to have a 3-repeat form (3R-GBP1) with improved binding characteristics. Both sets of adsorption data for 3R-GBP1 were fit to Langmuir models to extract kinetics and thermodynamics parameters. In SPR, the adsorption onto the surface shows a biexponential behavior and this is explained as the effect of bimodal surface topology of the polycrystalline gold substrate on 3R-GBP1 binding. Depending on the concentration of the peptide, a preferential adsorption on the surface takes place with different energy levels. The kinetic parameters (e.g., K(eq) approximately 10(7) M(-1)) and the binding energy (approximately -8.0 kcal/mol) are comparable to synthetic-based self-assembled monolayers. The results demonstrate the potential utilization of genetically engineered inorganic surface-specific peptides as molecular substrates due to their binding specificity, stability, and functionality in an aqueous-based environment.
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ABSTRACT: Molecular biomimetics can be defined as mimicking function, syn-thesis, or structure of materials and systems at the molecular scale using biological pathways. Here, inorganic-binding polypeptides are used as molecular building blocks to control assembly and formation of functional inorganic and hybrid materials and sys-tems for nano-and nanobiotechnology applications. These polypeptides are selected via phage or cell surface display technologies and modified by molecular biology to tailor their binding and multifunctionality properties. The potential of this approach in creat-ing new materials systems with useful physical and biological properties is enormous. This potential mostly stems from molecular recognition and self-assembly character-istics of the polypeptides plus the added advantage of genetic manipulation of their composition and structure. In this review, we highlight the basic premises of molecular biomimetics, describe the approaches in selecting and engineering inorganic-binding polypeptides, and present examples of their utility as molecular linkers in current and potential applications.Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 01/2004; 34:373-408.
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ABSTRACT: A liquid crystal system was used for the fabrication of a highly ordered composite material from genetically engineered M13 bacteriophage and zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanocrystals. The bacteriophage, which formed the basis of the self-ordering system, were selected to have a specific recognition moiety for ZnS crystal surfaces. The bacteriophage were coupled with ZnS solution precursors and spontaneously evolved a self-supporting hybrid film material that was ordered at the nanoscale and at the micrometer scale into approximately 72-micrometer domains, which were continuous over a centimeter length scale. In addition, suspensions were prepared in which the lyotropic liquid crystalline phase behavior of the hybrid material was controlled by solvent concentration and by the use of a magnetic field.Science 06/2002; 296(5569):892-5. · 31.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The formation and molecular structure of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of anthracene-2-thiol (AnT) on Au(111) have been characterized by reflection adsorption infrared spectroscopy, thermal desorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, near-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and low energy electron diffraction. It is demonstrated that highly ordered monolayer films are formed upon immersion, but their quality depends critically on the choice of solvents and rinsing conditions. The saturated monolayer is characterized by a closed packed arrangement of upright standing molecules forming a (2 x 4)rect unit cell. At about 450 K a partial desorption takes place and the remaining molecules form a dilute (4 x 2)-phase with an almost planar adsorption geometry, while further heating above 520 K causes a thermally induced fragmentation. According to their different densities both phases reveal very diverse chemical reactivities. Whereas the saturated monolayer is stable and inert under ambient conditions, the dilute phase does not warrant any protection of the sulfur headgroups which oxidize rapidly in air.Journal of the American Chemical Society 03/2006; 128(5):1723-32. · 10.68 Impact Factor