Identification of two sex-specific quantitative trait loci in chromosome 11q for hip bone mineral density in Chinese.
ABSTRACT Chromosome 11q has not only been found to contain mutations responsible for the several Mendelian disorders of the skeleton, but it has also been linked to bone mineral density (BMD) variation in several genome-wide linkage studies. Furthermore, quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting BMD in inbred mice and baboons have been mapped to a region syntenic to human chromosome 11q. The aim of the present study is to determine whether there is a QTL for BMD variation on chromosome 11q in the Chinese population.
Nineteen microsatellite markers were genotyped for a 75 cM region on 11q13-25 in 306 Chinese families with 1,459 subjects. BMD (g/cm(2)) was measured by DXA. Linkage analyses were performed using the variance component linkage analysis method implemented in Merlin software.
For women, a maximum LOD score of 1.62 was achieved at 90.8 cM on 11q21 near the marker D11S4175 for femoral neck BMD; LOD scores greater than 1.0 were observed on 11q13 for trochanter BMD. For men, a maximum LOD score of 1.57 was achieved at 135.8 cM on 11q24 near the marker D11S4126 for total hip BMD.
We have not only replicated the previous linkage finding on chromosome 11q but also identified two sex-specific QTL that contribute to BMD variation in Chinese women and men.
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ABSTRACT: Osteopetrosis includes a group of inherited diseases in which inadequate bone resorption is caused by osteoclast dysfunction. Although molecular defects have been described for many animal models of osteopetrosis, the gene responsible for most cases of the severe human form of the disease (infantile malignant osteopetrosis) is unknown. Infantile malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (MIM 259700) is a severe bone disease with a fatal outcome, generally within the first decade of life. Osteoclasts are present in normal or elevated numbers in individuals affected by autosomal recessive osteopetrosis, suggesting that the defect is not in osteoclast differentiation, but in a gene involved in the functional capacity of mature osteoclasts. Some of the mouse mutants have a decreased number of osteoclasts, which suggests that the defect directly interferes with osteoclast differentiation. In other mutants, it is the function of the osteoclast that seems to be affected, as they show normal or elevated numbers of non-functioning osteoclasts. Here we show that TCIRG1, encoding the osteoclast-specific 116-kD subunit of the vacuolar proton pump, is mutated in five of nine patients with a diagnosis of infantile malignant osteopetrosis. Our data indicate that mutations in TCIRG1 are a frequent cause of autosomal recessive osteopetrosis in humans.Nature Genetics 08/2000; 25(3):343-6. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The main aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the bone mineral density (BMD) assessed from radiographs of the hand phalanges in a random sample of ethnically homogeneous pedigrees is linked to the 11q12-13 chromosomal segment. The data for the study were gathered from 574 Chuvasha individuals belonging to two- and three-generation pedigrees who live in small villages in the Bashkortostan autonomy, Russia. Preliminary statistical-genetic analysis of the BMD in the pedigrees studied showed that potential genetic effects were highly significant ( p<0.001, in comparison with the model assuming no genetic effect), and explained at least 36% of the BMD variation adjusted for sex and age differences. For the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) used in our study, a total of 163 nuclear families with two sibs on average were available. Seven DNA microsatellite markers ( D11S1313, D11S1765, D11S987, D11S913, D11S983, D11S1314, D11S916) with average spacing of 2 cM on the chromosomal area 11q12-13 were selected for the TDT. The nominal p values ( p<0.05-0.0015) obtained from three TDT-type tests used for random and extreme-threshold sampling designs pointed consistently to possible linkage disequilibrium between BMD and some of the DNA markers. There was evidence for possible linkage disequilibrium in the upper part of the chromosomal segment studied (markers D11S1313 and D11S1765), and also in the lower part (markers D11S1983 and D11S1314). The lowest nominal p values (0.0015-0.0067) were obtained from three TDT-type tests for marker D11S1313. However, our findings must still be treated with great caution.Osteoporosis International 01/2002; 13(6):461-7. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our purpose is to test linkage of human chromosome 11q12-13 to BMD variation. Chromosome 11q12-13 has been linked to three BMD-related phenotypes that are inherited as Mendelian traits in human pedigrees: an autosomal dominant high bone mass trait, autosomal recessive osteoporosis pseudoglioma, and autosomal recessive osteopetrosis. A sibling pair study with 374 sibships showed significant linkage of D11S987 to normal BMD variation, with a maximum logarithm of odds score of 3.5. However, a subsequent linkage study with a total of 595 sibling pairs demonstrated reduced significance for linkage of D11S987 to bone mineral density variation, with a logarithm of odds score less than 2.2. We genotyped five markers in a genomic region of approximately 27 cM centering on D11S987 and measured bone mineral density and other traits (weight, etc.) for 635 individuals from 53 human pedigrees. Each of these pedigrees was ascertained through a proband with bone mineral density Z-scores less than -1.28 at the hip or spine. Adjusting for age, sex, and weight as covariates, we performed two-point and multipoint linkage analyses using the variance component linkage analysis method implemented in Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines. We found little evidence of linkage of these five markers to bone mineral density at the spine, hip, wrist and total body bone mineral content. The maximum logarithm of odds score at these five markers was 0.25, and the maximum logarithm of odds score at D11S987 was 0.15. Therefore, although we cannot exclude the linkage of D11S987 region to bone mineral density variation, there is no evidence for linkage of the marker D11S987 on human chromosome 11q12-13 to bone mineral density variation in our study population.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 09/2001; 86(8):3735-41. · 6.43 Impact Factor