Hematocrit during cardiopulmonary bypass

The Annals of thoracic surgery (Impact Factor: 3.65). 10/2006; 82(3):1166; author reply 1166. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.01.074
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between common laboratory values and cognitive functioning among 129 inpatients referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Laboratory values were recorded at admission, at the time point closest to neuropsychological evaluation, and at the time of peak metabolic derangement. Cognitive status was evaluated with the modified Mini-Mental State Exam. Patients with hyperglycemia, hypochloremia, and/or elevated creatinine at admission exhibited cognitive deficits. Patients with hyperglycemia, hyperchloremia, hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, leukocytosis, low hemoglobin, elevated blood urea nitrogen, and/or elevated creatinine at the time of peak metabolic derangement exhibited cognitive deficits. Different lab abnormalities at the time of peak metabolic derangement accounted for unique patterns of neuropsychological impairment. Lab values drawn at the time point closest to neuropsychological evaluation were not significantly associated with cognitive functioning. Results support and quantify common clinical beliefs that metabolic abnormalities are associated with global cognitive changes among elderly inpatients.
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    ABSTRACT: Strategies for neuroprotection including hypothermia and hemodilution have been routinely practiced since the inception of cardiopulmonary bypass. Yet postoperative neurocognitive deficits that diminish the quality of life of cardiac surgery patients are frequent. Because there is uncertainty regarding the impact of hemodilution on perioperative organ function, the authors hypothesized that extreme hemodilution during cardiac surgery would increase the frequency and severity of postoperative neurocognitive deficits. Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were randomly assigned to either moderate hemodilution (hematocrit on cardiopulmonary bypass >or=27%) or profound hemodilution (hematocrit on cardiopulmonary bypass of 15-18%). Cognitive function was measured preoperatively and 6 weeks postoperatively. The effect of hemodilution on postoperative cognition was tested using multivariable modeling accounting for age, years of education, and baseline levels of cognition. After randomization of 108 patients, the trial was terminated by the Data Safety and Monitoring Board due to the significant occurrence of adverse events, which primarily involved pulmonary complications in the moderate hemodilution group. Multivariable analysis revealed an interaction between hemodilution and age wherein older patients in the profound hemodilution group experienced greater neurocognitive decline (P = 0.03). In this prospective, randomized study of hemodilution during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in adults, the authors report an early termination of the study because of an increase in adverse events. They also observed greater neurocognitive impairment among older patients receiving extreme hemodilution.
    Anesthesiology 10/2007; 107(4):577-84. DOI:10.1097/01.anes.0000281896.07256.71 · 6.17 Impact Factor