Article

Analysis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase gene in activated sludge that produces PHA containing 3-hydroxy-2-methylvalerate.

Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering (Impact Factor: 4.16). 05/2007; 96(5):871-80. DOI: 10.1002/bit.21085
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The identification of phaC which encodes PHA synthase, that is involved in the formation of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) containing 3-hydroxy-2-methylvalerate (3H2MV), was attempted. As of now, PHA containing 3H2MV has been reported to be produced only by mixed microbial cultures in activated sludge, but no pure bacterial cultures. A laboratory-scale activated sludge process was operated for 67 days. During the operation of the activated sludge process, its capacity to produce PHA containing 3H2MV, and the diversity of the partial phaC genes in the activated sludge microorganisms were monitored periodically. Analysis of the partial phaC genes was conducted by PCR followed by cloning and DNA sequencing, or by PCR followed by terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The cloning-sequencing of the 263 clones gave 11 distinct genetic groups (GGs). All of the genetic groups had similarities to known phaC higher than 48%, and one of them had similarity as high as 96% to that of Alcaligenes sp. The behavior of each of the genetic groups during the operation of the activated sludge process was monitored by the T-RFLP method. The restriction enzyme AccII, with the help of MboI, enabled the monitoring of each of the genetic groups. One of the genetic groups was found to have a strong correlation with the capability of the activated sludge to produce PHA containing 3H2MV, and its DNA sequence together with its amino acid sequence are reported.

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