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    ABSTRACT: Telomeres are DNA-protein structures that cap the ends of chromosomes; telomerase is the enzyme that ensures their integrity. Telomere biology has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of lung diseases, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema, and lung cancer. This review highlights recent discoveries pertaining to the role of telomere biology in lung disease.
    Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine. 04/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Aplastic anemia is a heterogeneous disorder of bone marrow failure syndrome. Accumulating evidence indicates that both acquired and congenital aplastic anemia is linked to telomerase activity and telomere length. Chinese herbal medicine Tianshengyuan-1 (TSY-1), a liquid extraction of multiple Chinese herbs, appears to stimulate hematopoiesis in patients with bone marrow deficiencies; however, the exact mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of TSY-1 on telomere length and telomerase activity. We first investigated the effects of TSY on in vitro cultured cell lines including CD34+ hepatic stem cells and CD4+/CD8- Jurkat cells. An immune-mediated murine aplastic anemia model and human samples, including peripheral blood samples of 4 healthy donors and bone marrow hematopoietic cells from 4 patients with hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), were also used to test the efficacy of TSY on hematopoiesis, telomerase activity and telomere length. Our results indicated that TSY-1 increased the telomerase activity and telomere length in a dose-response manner in vitro, in vivo, and in human samples including 3 of 4 healthy individuals and 3 of 4 bone marrow samples from MDS patients. In immune-mediated murine aplastic anemia model, TSY-1 activity on Telomere length was parallel to the significant increasing of the RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelet count in peripheral blood, increasing of CD34+ cell count and hematopoiesis, and decreasing of fatty infiltration in bone marrow samples. Our study demonstrated that TSY-1 may exert its effects by modulating telomerase activity of hematopoietic cells. Further studies are warranted to explore the precise molecular mechanisms of how TSY-1 regulates telomerase activity and telomere length, and also to test the TSY-1 in randomized control trials.
    International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2014; 7(3):597-606. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute has decided to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak for the discovery of "how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase". This discovery had major impacts within the scientific community and led to intense research in this field. All the studies performed are now the bases for future investigations and stimulate the development of potential new therapies.
    Biochimie 04/2010; 92(4):321-6. · 3.14 Impact Factor