Tumors of the Caruncle: A Clinicopathologic Correlation

University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
American Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 3.87). 10/2006; 142(3):448-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2006.04.035
Source: PubMed


To determine the types and incidence of caruncular lesions and to investigate the correlation between clinical and histologic diagnosis.
Retrospective, observational case series.
Records of patients with a lesion of the caruncle that was excised and submitted to our ocular pathology department between January 1979 and May 2005 were reviewed. Lesions were classified by histologic type and correlated with patient age, gender, and preoperative clinical diagnosis.
A total of 195 consecutive caruncular lesions from 191 patients were identified. Twenty-four different types of lesions were identified; the most common were nevi (n = 92, 47%) and papillomas (n = 29, 15%). One keratoacanthoma was identified. One hundred eighty-three lesions (93.8%) were benign, six (3.1%) were premalignant, and five (2.6%) were malignant. Preoperative clinical diagnosis corresponded to postexcision histologic diagnosis in 73 cases (37.4%). Suspected malignancy was a common reason for excision (61 cases, 31.3%), but malignancy was confirmed in only three (4.9%) of 61 cases. Two of the five malignant lesions were clinically thought to be benign.
We hereby report the first caruncular keratoacanthoma. The rarity and variety of caruncular lesions make clinical diagnosis difficult. Malignancy is clinically overestimated, and some malignant lesions can take a benign aspect, justifying close photographic follow-up of all lesions. Because caruncular malignant melanoma is associated with poor prognosis, pigmented lesions should be monitored carefully. In the absence of clear criteria for malignancy, any change in color, size, or vascularization of a caruncular lesion should hasten excision.

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    • "Previous studies reported melanocytic lesions and papilloma as the most frequently excised lesions [2,5,11,14]. Luthra et al. [3] reported a review of 112 caruncular lesions during a 52-year period. "
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    ABSTRACT: The caruncle is a modified cutaneous tissue located at the inner canthus that contains hair follicles, accessory lacrimal glands, sweat glands and sebaceous glands. These different types of tissues can give rise to a wide variety of lesions that make the clinical diagnosis difficult. The aim of the study was to investigate the most common types of caruncle lesions and the clinical and pathological correlation. Retrospective, observational case series. Records of caruncle lesions examined at the Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, between 1993 and 2008 were analyzed, comparing the clinical and histopathological findings. A total of 42 lesions from 42 patients were analyzed. Twenty-six (61.90%) of the patients were women and 16 (38.10%) were men and the age range from 20 to 84. The main diagnoses were: 16 epithelial lesions (38.09%), 14 inflammatory lesions (31.70%), 10 melanocytic lesions (21,95%), 2 lymphoid lesions (4.87%). From the 28 cases that had a preoperative clinical hypothesis only 17 presented a histopathological confirmation of the diagnosis (60.71%). The most common caruncle lesions were epithelial tumors followed by chronic inflammation and melanocytic lesions. Although most of the lesions were benign, there was a great number of misdiagnose based on the clinical suspicious.
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