An outbreak of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by a new intermediate adenovirus 22/H8 identified by molecular typing.

Institut für Virologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, 30625, Germany.
Clinical Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 9.42). 11/2006; 43(7):e64-6. DOI: 10.1086/507533
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In a 4-week period, 12 patients contracted adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. Eight of these patients had visited the same ophthalmologist's practice before onset of symptoms. Adenovirus was detected in swab specimens obtained from 9 patients. Sequence-based typing of 2 isolates revealed type 22/H8. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of a keratoconjunctivitis outbreak caused by an intermediate adenovirus type 22/H8.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, new genotypes of human adenoviruses (HAdVs) have been reported and many of them have been found to be recombinant forms of different known types of HAdV species D (HAdV-D). The objective of this study was to document the evolutionary features of a novel isolate (HAdV_Chiba_E086/2012) obtained from the eye swab of a patient with conjunctivitis in Japan. Viral DNA was extracted from the isolate to sequence the whole genome by the Sanger method and aligned with available genome sequences of HAdV-Ds. The phylogenetic trees of the nucleotide sequences of the penton base, hexon, and fiber genes and the E3 region showed that HAdV_Chiba_E086/2012 is closest to HAdV genotype 65 (HAdV-GT65), HAdV-48, HAdV-GT60 and HAdV-22 at 98%, 99%, 95% and 98% identity, respectively, suggesting that this isolate is a novel recombinant form to be designated as P65H48F60. Further phylogenetic and recombination analyses of the genome alignment of the new isolate implied that nested recombination events involving HAdV-GT59, GT65, 48, GT60, 22, and some ancestral lineages or their close relatives have shaped its genome. These results showed that HAdV_Chiba_E086/2012 is the first HAdV-48-related HAdV found in Japan, which has the most complicated evolutionary history among the known HAdVs so far.
    Japanese journal of infectious diseases 07/2014; 67(4):282-7. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the cause of an acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) outbreak.
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases 09/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Between 2005 and 2013 six severe pneumonia cases (all requiring mechanical ventilation, two fatal outcomes) caused by human adenovirus type 21 (HAdV-B21) were observed in Germany. So far, HAdV-B21 was mainly associated with non-severe upper and lower respiratory tract infections. However, a few highly virulent HAdV types, e.g. HAdV-B14p1, were previously associated with severe, fatal pneumonia. Complete genomic sequences of the German HAdV-B21 pneumonia isolates formed a single phylogenetic cluster with very high sequence identity (≥ 99.897%). Compared to the HAdV-B21 prototype (only 99.319% identity), all isolates had a unique 15 amino acid deletion and a 2 amino acid insertion in the RGD loop of the penton base which may affect binding to the secondary receptor on the host cells. Moreover, a recombinant E4 gene region derived of HAdV-B3 was identified by bootscan analysis. Thus, the highly virulent, pneumotropic HAdV-B21 was denominated as subtype 21a. Surprisingly, there was 99.963% identity with agentY/SIBU97 (only 13.4 kb available in GenBank of the 35.4 kb genome) which was associated with 10 fatalities due to cardiopulmonary failure in Sarawak, Malaysia, in 1997. In conclusion, a HAdV-B21 subtype (21a) associated with severe pneumonia in Germany was phylogenetically linked to an adenovirus isolated in Malaysia.
    Journal of Infection 06/2014; · 4.02 Impact Factor


Available from
May 21, 2014