Enhanced gene transfer efficiency in the murine striatum and an orthotopic glioblastoma tumor model, using AAV-7- and AAV-8-pseudotyped vectors.
ABSTRACT In this study, recombinant AAV vectors pseudotyped with viral capsids derived from AAV serotypes 7 and 8 were evaluated for gene transfer in the murine striatum relative to vectors pseudotyped with AAV serotypes 2, 5, and 6. In comparison with rAAV serotype 2, pseudotyped vectors derived from AAV-7 and AAV-8 have increased transduction efficiency in the murine CNS, with the rank order rAAV-7 > rAAV-8 > rAAV-5 > rAAV-2 = rAAV-6, with all vectors demonstrating a marked tropism for neuronal transduction. Pseudotyped rAAV vector gene transfer in the brain after preimplantation of a murine 4C8 glioblastoma tumor was also evaluated. Efficiency of gene transfer to the orthotopic tumor was increased when using AAV-6, -7, and -8 capsid proteins in comparison with serotype 2, with the order rAAV-8 = rAAV-7 > rAAV-6 > rAAV-2 > rAAV-5. The increased gene transfer efficiency of rAAV vectors pseudotyped with the rAAV-8 capsid also provided enhanced therapeutic efficacy in a mouse model of glioblastoma multiforme, using vectors encoding an inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor pathway. These studies demonstrate that rAAV vectors pseudotyped with capsids derived from AAV serotypes 7 and 8 provide enhanced gene transfer in the murine CNS and may offer increased therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of neurological disease.
- SourceAvailable from: Mark TangneyGene Therapy - Developments and Future Perspectives, 06/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-617-1
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ABSTRACT: Chronic in vivo imaging studies of the brain require a labeling method that is fast, long-lasting, efficient, nontoxic, and cell-type specific. Over the last decade, adeno-associated virus (AAV) has been used to stably express fluorescent proteins in neurons in vivo. However, AAV's main limitation for many studies (such as those of neuronal development) is the necessity of second-strand DNA synthesis, which delays peak transgene expression. The development of double-stranded AAV (dsAAV) vectors has overcome this limitation, allowing rapid transgene expression. Here, we have injected different serotypes (1, 2, 6, 7, 8, and 9) of a dsAAV vector carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene into the developing and adult mouse visual cortex and characterized its expression. We observed labeling of both neurons and astrocytes with serotype-specific tropism. dsAAV-GFP labeling showed high levels of neuronal GFP expression as early as 2 days postinjection and as long as a month, surpassing conventional AAV's onset of expression and matching its longevity. Neurons labeled with dsAAV-GFP appeared structurally and electrophysiologically identical to nonlabeled neurons, suggesting that dsAAV-GFP is neither cytotoxic nor alters normal neuronal function. We also demonstrated that dsAAV-labeled cells can be imaged with subcellular resolution in vivo over multiple days. We conclude that dsAAV is an excellent vector for rapid labeling and long-term in vivo imaging studies of astrocytes and neurons on the single cell level within the developing and adult visual cortex.Developmental Neurobiology 09/2009; 69(10):674-88. DOI:10.1002/dneu.20735 · 4.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: he development of therapeutic interventions for genetic disorders and diseases that affect the central nervous system (CNS) has proven challenging. There has been significant progress in the development of gene therapy strategies in murine models of human disease, but gene therapy outcomes in these models do not always translate to the human setting. Therefore, large animal models are crucial to the development of diagnostics, treatments, and eventual cures for debilitating neurological disorders. This review focuses on the description of large animal models of neurological diseases such as lysosomal storage diseases, Parkinsons disease, Huntingtons disease, and neuroAIDS. The review also describes the contributions of these models to progress in gene therapy research.ILAR journal / National Research Council, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources 02/2009; 50(2):128-43. DOI:10.1093/ilar.50.2.128 · 1.05 Impact Factor