Ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of lercanidipine in human plasma.
ABSTRACT A simple, sensitive and rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography/positive electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the determination of lercanidipine in human plasma. Lercanidipine and the internal standard, nicardipine, were extracted from plasma by liquid-liquid extraction using tert-butyl methyl ether as the extraction solvent. UPLC analysis was performed isocratically on an AcQuity UPLC BEH C18 analytical column (2.1 x 50.0 mm i.d., particle size 1.7 microm). The mobile phase consisted of 70% acetonitrile in water containing 0.2% v/v formic acid and pumped at a flow rate of 0.30 mL/min. ESI in positive ion mode, with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), was chosen for the detection of the analytes. The assay was linear over a concentration range of 0.05-30 ng/mL for lercanidipine with a limit of quantitation of 0.05 ng/mL. Quality control samples (0.05, 0.15, 15 and 25 ng/mL) in five replicates from five of analytical runs demonstrated intra-assay precision (% CV < or =7.3%), inter-assay precision (% CV < or =6.1%) and an overall accuracy (% relative error) of less than 6.2%. A run time of less than 1.0 min for each sample made it possible to analyze a large number of human plasma samples per day. The method can be used to quantify lercanidipine in human plasma covering a variety of pharmacokinetic or bioequivalence studies.
Article: Laser diode thermal desorption-positive mode atmospheric pressure chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry for the ultra-fast quantification of a pharmaceutical compound in human plasma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An ultra-fast, reliable and sensitive analytical method enabling high-throughput quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical compounds in human plasma is described. The quantitative work was performed on one of our compound currently under clinical trial by employing a deuterated internal standard (IS). Plasma samples were treated on solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) plates prior their analysis by laser diode thermal desorption and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LDTD/APCI-MS/MS) in positive mode. The sample analysis run time was 10s as compared to the 7 min obtained for the validated LC-MS/MS method. The limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method was estimated at 1 ng/mL. The calibration graphs were linear with a regression coefficient R(2) > 0.997. The data of the partial validation show that LDTD/APCI-MS/MS assay was highly reproducible and selective. In addition, the deviations for intra and inter assay accuracy and precision data were within 15% at all quality control levels. The LDTD/APCI-MS/MS method was successfully applied to the analysis of clinical samples and the data obtained were consistent with those found with a validated LC-MS/MS assay. This work demonstrates that LDTD/APCI-MS/MS could be used for the ultra-fast and reliable quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical compounds in human plasma without using the separation step commonly associated with the LC-MS/MS assay.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 04/2011; 54(5):1088-95. · 2.45 Impact Factor