A randomized trial of deep-brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease.
ABSTRACT Neurostimulation of the subthalamic nucleus reduces levodopa-related motor complications in advanced Parkinson's disease. We compared this treatment plus medication with medical management.
In this randomized-pairs trial, we enrolled 156 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and severe motor symptoms. The primary end points were the changes from baseline to six months in the quality of life, as assessed by the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), and the severity of symptoms without medication, according to the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, part III (UPDRS-III).
Pairwise comparisons showed that neurostimulation, as compared with medication alone, caused greater improvements from baseline to six months in the PDQ-39 (50 of 78 pairs, P=0.02) and the UPDRS-III (55 of 78, P<0.001), with mean improvements of 9.5 and 19.6 points, respectively. Neurostimulation resulted in improvements of 24 to 38 percent in the PDQ-39 subscales for mobility, activities of daily living, emotional well-being, stigma, and bodily discomfort. Serious adverse events were more common with neurostimulation than with medication alone (13 percent vs. 4 percent, P<0.04) and included a fatal intracerebral hemorrhage. The overall frequency of adverse events was higher in the medication group (64 percent vs. 50 percent, P=0.08).
In this six-month study of patients under 75 years of age with severe motor complications of Parkinson's disease, neurostimulation of the subthalamic nucleus was more effective than medical management alone. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00196911 [ClinicalTrials.gov].).
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ABSTRACT: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat advanced Parkinson disease (PD) has been focused on one of two anatomical targets: the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the globus pallidus internus (GPI). Authors of more than 65 articles have reported on bilateral DBS outcomes. With one exception, these studies involved pre- and postintervention comparisons of a single target. Despite the paucity of data directly comparing STN and GPI DBS, many clinicians already consider the STN to be the preferred target site. In this study the authors conducted a metaanalysis of the existing literature on patient outcomes following DBS of the STN and the GPI. This metaanalysis includes 31 STN and 14 GPI studies. Motor function improved significantly following stimulation (54% in patients whose STN was targeted and 40% in those whose GPI was stimulated), with effect sizes (ESs) of 2.59 and 2.04, respectively. After controlling for participant and study characteristics, patients who had undergone either STN or GPI DBS experienced comparable improved motor function following surgery (p = 0.094). The performance of activities of daily living improved significantly in patients with either target (40%). Medication requirements were significantly reduced following stimulation of the STN (ES = 1.51) but did not change when the GPI was stimulated (ES = -0.02). In this analysis the authors highlight the need for uniform, detailed reporting of comprehensive motor and nonmotor DBS outcomes at multiple time points and for a randomized trial of bilateral STN and GPI DBS.Journal of Neurosurgery 01/2006; 103(6):956-67. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of stereotactic neurophysiologically guided pallidotomy on health-related quality of life (QoL) of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Eleven patients with PD (seven men, four women; mean age, 57.2 years; mean duration of disease, 14 years) with motor complications refractory to medical therapy underwent unilateral pallidotomy. Clinical assessment was carried out a week before surgery and 4 months after the surgical procedure and was based on the Core Assessment Program for Intracerebral Transplantations protocol. QoL was measured by means of the PDQ-39. A set of rating scales (Hoehn & Yahr, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, Schwab and England, Northwestern University Disability Scale of Walking, Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale), timed tests, and self-evaluations of motor function and mood were applied. Improvement was found in dyskinesias (74%) and off-period disability (42%). Cardinal motor signs improved significantly (30%-59%). Four dimensions of the PDQ-39 (Mobility, ADL, Emotions, Bodily Pain) showed a significant improvement (p <0.01-0.001). The global effect on QoL, measured through the PDQ-39 Summary Index (35.3%; 95% confidence interval: 15.60-54.97), was also significant (p<0.01) but unrelated to major clinical changes. Pallidotomy significantly improves QoL in patients with advanced PD. QoL measurement provides relevant information that is probably not attainable by clinical assessment.Movement Disorders 02/2000; 15(1):65-70. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this article we investigate the changes observed in the scales that quantify the quality of life (PDQ-39) in patients that have already completed 1 and 2 years of bilateral subthalamic stimulation (DBS-STN). Fourteen patients were evaluated 1 year after DBS-STN; the evaluation was repeated on 11 of them, 2 years after surgery. All of them suffered from Parkinson's disease with a 14.3 (+/-5.7) years history of motor complications. Patients were selected according to CAPSIT criteria. All of them were implanted bilateral electrodes in the subthalamic nucleus. The parameters applied were UPDRS II, UPDRS III, PDQ-39, and the scale of quality of life for caregivers (SQLC). Scorings in motor scales (UPDRS III) improved 45% in relation to the first year, and 48% in relation to the second year (P < 0.001). Patient's quality of life (PDQ-39 summary index) improvement was 62% 2 years after surgery (P < 0.001), and caregivers' quality of life improvement was 68% (P = 0.002) by the same time. DBS-STN is a therapy that efficiently improves the quality of life of selected patients with Parkinson's disease. This improvement is still present 2 years after surgery and has a positive impact on caregivers quality of life.European Journal of Neurology 08/2004; 11(7):451-4. · 4.16 Impact Factor