Selenium supplementation and blood rheological improvement in Japanese adults.
ABSTRACT In order to study the prevention effect of selenium in the development of cardiovascular disease, we investigated the effects of selenium supplementation on the blood rheological properties. Eleven healthy adults were administered with 200 microg of selenium in the form of selenium yeast per day for 1 wk. Before and after the supplementation, serum selenium concentration, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, biochemical indices, and the blood fluidity of the subjects were measured. The blood fluidity was measured using a (microchannel array flow analyzer) by the passage time of 100 microL of heparinized whole blood through the microchannel array. The selenium supplementation significantly (p = 0.001) shortened the mean blood passage time from 44.0 +/- 5.7 to 37.5 +/- 2.8 s. Serum selenium concentration significantly (p = 0.008) increased from 109.8 +/- 10.2 to 124.5 +/- 16.7 microg/L. Meanwhile, the GPx activity did not increased significantly (p = 0.058). The mean GPx activity of the subjects before supplementation was 171.0 +/- 16.1 Deltammol NADPH/min/L and 180.9 +/- 17.8 Deltammol NADPH/min/L after supplementation. Factor analysis of the passage time and biochemical indices of the subjects showed that blood fluidity improvement was related to the metabolic modification of lipoproteins during the selenium supplementation. These results showed that selenium supplementation improved the blood fluidity, without increasing the GPx activity of the subjects.
- Thrombosis Research 02/2007; 119(3):305-10. DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2006.02.005 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To elucidate a physiological function of dried-bonito broth (DBB) on blood fluidity and oxidative stress, we performed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study in twenty-four healthy adult subjects. The subjects ingested DBB or a placebo for four weeks, and blood fluidity and oxidative stress were measured before and after ingestion. Blood fluidity was measured using a microchannel array flow analyzer by the passage time of 100 µl of heparinized whole blood through the microchannel array, while oxidative stress was evaluated as a level of deriva-tive of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) by a free radical analysis system (FRAS). DBB ingestion significantly shortened the blood passage time from 55.4 ± 3.4 to 47.6 ± 2.0 sec (mean ± SEM, p < 0.05), while no significant change was observed in the placebo group (52.4 ± 3.4 to 51.4 ± 2.6 sec, mean ± SEM) indicating that DBB amelio-rated blood fluidity. The level of d-ROMs, known as a biomarker of oxidative stress, significantly decreased after DBB ingestion from 337.2 ± 18.5 to 316.5 ± 12.9 Carrotelli units (Carr. U.) (mean ± SEM, p < 0.05), suggesting that DBB reduced oxidative stress. Among subjects with a d-ROMs score > 320, regarded as being in a state of oxidative stress, changes in blood fluidity tended to correlate with changes in d-ROMs score (ρ = 0.55, p = 0.06), showing that blood fluidity may have improved in subjects whose oxidative stress was markedly decreased. These results also showed a possibility that DBB ingestion improved blood fluidity by decreasing oxidative stress. In previous studies, daily DBB ingestion improved various fatigue-related symptoms, so we investigated the effect of DBB on fatigue-related symptoms via a questionnaire survey in the present study. The result of this survey showed that symptoms of shoulder stiffness and visual fatigue were improved only in the DBB group (p < 0.05, p < 0.1, respectively). Insufficient blood circulation is considered to lead to the development of shoulder stiffness, visual fatigue, and other fatigue-related symptoms. Based on these findings, we considered that dietary intake of DBB may improve blood fluidity by reducing oxidative stress and thus might protect against fatigue.Journal of health science 10/2007; 53(5):543-551. DOI:10.1248/jhs.53.543 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hemorheology plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The Micro Channel array Flow Analyzer (MC-FAN) (Hitachi Haramachi Electronics Co., Ltd., Bentencho, Japan) is currently considered a useful new device to analyze hemorheology. However, the relationships between various lifestyle habits and hemorheology, especially using MC-FAN, have still not been thoroughly investigated. The study was undertaken to determine whether there could be some correlations of lifestyle factors to hemorheology by MC-FAN. A total of 250 asymptomatic Japanese subjects (male:female = 100:150; mean age = 49.7 y) without any medication were enrolled in the present study. Hemorheology was assessed by the whole blood passage time (WBPT) and was corrected by the saline passage time using MC-FAN. Subjects' lifestyle factors, such as smoking habits, alcohol habits, and physical activity, were self-reported. Partial correlation analysis for WBPT, after controlling for age, gender, hematocrit, white blood cell count, body mass index, blood pressure, blood biochemical measures, and all lifestyle habits, revealed a significant and inverse correlation between alcohol habits of 1-3 go (amount of alcohol intake) and WBPT (r = - 0.191, p = 0.003), in addition to a significant positive correlation between serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and WBPT. These data suggest that alcohol habits may beneficially affect hemorheology by MC-FAN, expanding the protective effect of light-to-moderate alcohol consumption against cardiovascular disease.Clinical Cardiology 10/2008; 31(10):488-91. DOI:10.1002/clc.20275 · 2.23 Impact Factor