"The state of the science associated with human studies prevents establishing any cause-and-effect relationship between maternal stress and infant outcomes. Bell and McFarlin (2006) identified empirical differences between animal and human responses. They suggested that a human infant's stress reaction when making the transition from the intrauterine to extrauterine environments may be essential in the development of functional neural networks. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The investigators examined: (a) the relationships between the mother's abuse status and the newborn's stress responses, and (b) differences in newborn stress responses of abused and nonabused mothers before and after a phenylketonuria (PKU) heel stick. The t-tests show a trend toward statistical significance. Abuse had strong effect sizes on cortisol and oxygen levels at 25 minutes. Findings support further research on the impact that maternal stress resulting from abuse has on neonatal outcomes.
Journal of Forensic Nursing 06/2008; 4(2):80-90. DOI:10.1111/j.1939-3938.2008.00013.x
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