Maternal and Fetal Stress Responses During Birth: Adaptive or Maladaptive?

University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Avenue, M/C 802, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
Journal of midwifery & women's health (Impact Factor: 1.07). 09/2006; 51(5):319-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2006.06.005
Source: PubMed
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    • "The state of the science associated with human studies prevents establishing any cause-and-effect relationship between maternal stress and infant outcomes. Bell and McFarlin (2006) identified empirical differences between animal and human responses. They suggested that a human infant's stress reaction when making the transition from the intrauterine to extrauterine environments may be essential in the development of functional neural networks. "
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