Codon optimized Thermobifida fusca hydrolase secreted by Bacillus megaterium.
ABSTRACT Production and secretion of a 28,172 Da hydrolase from Thermobifida fusca (TFH) in Bacillus megaterium MS941 and WH323 was investigated in shake flask and pH controlled bioreactors. Successful production of heterologous TFH was achieved by adapting the original tfh gene to the optimal codon usage of B. megaterium. A codon adaption index close to one was reached. The codon optimized tfh was cloned into an open reading frame with DNA sequence for the N-terminal signal peptide of B. megaterium lipase A and a C-terminal His(6)-tag, all under the control of a xylose inducible promoter. Successful TFH production and secretion were observed using batch reactor cultivations with complex medium. Expression of the tfh gene from the P(xylA) promoter and secretion of produced TFH were compared in detail to batch reactor cultivations with semi-defined growth medium. For the first time, significant TFH secretion was achieved using a semi-defined medium in glucose limited fed batch cultivations yielding 10-fold higher cell densities compared to LB medium cultivation. Comparable volumetric TFH activities were obtained for both cultivation strategies. Surprisingly, measured specific TFH activities exhibited drastic discrepancies between preparations from LB and semi-defined medium grown B. megaterium. TFH recovery by Ni-chelate affinity chromatography resulted in higher purification factors when LB medium was used. These results indicated that secreted TFH is favorably produced by batch cultures of B. megaterium WH323 in LB medium.
- SourceAvailable from: Rebekka Biedendieck[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An in vivo system was developed for the biotransformation of D-fructose into D-mannitol by the expression of the gene mdh encoding mannitol dehydrogenase (MDH) from Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides ATCC12291 in Bacillus megaterium. The NADH reduction equivalents necessary for MDH activity were regenerated via the oxidation of formate to carbon dioxide by coexpression of the gene fdh encoding Mycobacterium vaccae N10 formate dehydrogenase (FDH). High-level protein production of MDH in B. megaterium required the adaptation of the corresponding ribosome binding site. The fdh gene was adapted to B. megaterium codon usage via complete chemical gene synthesis. Recombinant B. megaterium produced up to 10.60 g/L D-mannitol at the shaking flask scale. Whole cell biotransformation in a fed-batch bioreactor increased D-mannitol concentration to 22.00 g/L at a specific productivity of 0.32 g D-mannitol (gram cell dry weight)(-1) h(-1) and a D-mannitol yield of 0.91 mol/mol. The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(H)) pool of the B. megaterium producing D-mannitol remained stable during biotransformation. Intra- and extracellular pH adjusted itself to a value of 6.5 and remained constant during the process. Data integration revealed that substrate uptake was the limiting factor of the overall biotransformation. The information obtained identified B. megaterium as a useful production host for D-mannitol using a resting cell biotransformation approach.Biotechnology Journal 11/2007; 2(11):1408-1416. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Thermophilic actinomycetes produce enzymes capable of hydrolyzing synthetic polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In addition to carboxylesterases, which have hydrolytic activity predominantly against PET oligomers, esterases related to cutinases also hydrolyze synthetic polymers. The production of these enzymes by actinomycetes as well as their recombinant expression in heterologous hosts is described and their catalytic activity against polyester substrates is compared. Assays to analyze the enzymatic hydrolysis of synthetic polyesters are evaluated, and a kinetic model describing the enzymatic heterogeneous hydrolysis process is discussed. Structure鈥揻unction and structure鈥搒tability relationships of actinomycete polyester hydrolases are compared based on molecular dynamics simulations and recently solved protein structures. In addition, recent progress in enhancing their activity and thermal stability by random or site-directed mutagenesis is presented.Advances in applied microbiology 08/2014; 89:267-305. · 2.24 Impact Factor
- Actualités Pharmaceutiques 11/2010; 49(500):55-57.