Mineral trioxide aggregate: a review of the constituents and biological properties of the material.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dental Institute, King's College London, London, UK. .
International Endodontic Journal (Impact Factor: 2.05). 11/2006; 39(10):747-54. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01135.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This paper reviews the literature on the constituents and biocompatibility of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). A Medline search was conducted. The first publication on the material was in November 1993. The Medline search identified 206 papers published from November 1993 to August 2005. Specific searches on constituents and biocompatibility of mineral trioxide aggregate, however, yielded few publications. Initially all abstracts were read to identify which fitted one of the two categories required for this review, constituents or biocompatibility. Based on this assessment and a review of the papers, 13 were included in the constituent category and 53 in the biocompatibility category. Relatively few articles addressed the constituents of MTA, whilst cytological evaluation was the most widely used biocompatibility test.

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