"Benign," metastasizing adenomyoepithelioma of the breast: a report of 2 cases.
ABSTRACT Adenomyoepitheliomas of the breast are rare tumors composed of a proliferation of 2 cell populations. For the most part, they are considered to be benign, but they locally recur. Those neoplasms that metastasize are deemed to have come from a histologically malignant primary tumor. Herein, we describe 2 cases of metastases of histologically "benign" adenomyoepitheliomas of the breast to the lung. In both cases, the primary neoplasms and the metastases did not show histologic features of malignancy. These unique cases represent another example of neoplasms that can metastasize in the absence of histologic features that would suggest malignant behavior. Establishing the diagnosis, determining optimal therapy, and predicting outcome are problematic because of the rarity of this entity. Perhaps, classification of adenomyoepitheliomas should be changed to recognize those neoplasms with malignant behavior.
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ABSTRACT: Breast adenomyoepithelioma is an unusual tumor characterized by a biphasic proliferation of epithelial and myoepithelial cells. Most breast adenomyoepitheliomas are considered to be benign or to have a low-grade malignant potential, characterized by propensity for local recurrence. Malignant changes arising in this lesion are extremely rare and may involve one or both cellular components.Case report: We discuss a case of a 60 year-old woman who began to experience pain in her right breast in January 2009. Breast ultrasound and mammography were performed showing a rounded, hypoechoic solid lesion with ill-defined margins in the right inner-inferior quadrant, suspicious of malignancy. Quadrantectomy of the inner-inferior quadrant of the right breast with sampling of ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes was performed. The histological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of adenomyoepithelioma with focal malignant change of the epithelial component, associated with high-grade malignant myoepithelial change. The patient was treated with adjuvant radiotherapy and her right breast received a dose of Gy 50 with a boost of Gy 10 to the tumor bed. At present, the patient shows no sign of tumor recurrence. Breast malignant adenomyoepithelioma is a rare tumor which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of other solid breast lesions. Only few cases have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis, optimal therapy and predicting the outcome are problematic issues due to the rarity of this disease which appears to have hematogenous rather than lymphatic spread and usually occurs in primary tumors >= 1.6 cm in size.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 10/2013; 11(1):285. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-11-285 · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Malignant adenomyoepithelioma and adenoid cystic carcinoma are both rare malignant epithelial-myoepithelial tumors of the breast. We report a very rare case with a malignant adenomyoepithelioma combining with adenoid cystic carcinoma in a single mass.Diagnostic Pathology 07/2014; 9(1):148. DOI:10.1186/1746-1596-9-148 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adenomyoepitheliomas (AMEs) are rare breast lesions, which are characterized by the proliferation of epithelial and myoepithelial cells. They are circumscribed lesions, which can be clinically and mammographically detected. However, when they are indistinctly limited, differential diagnosis with malignant lesions becomes difficult. In this paper, we report a case of adenomyoepithelioma with malignant transformation of the myoepithelial component, a rare histological type that arises from the malignant transformation of epithelial, myoepithelial, or both elements. Its course and prognosis are uncertain. Mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by radiotherapy are the most effective treatment approaches.Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial 10/2011; 47(5):535-539. DOI:10.1590/S1676-24442011000500007