Use of anteriorly based pericranial flap in frontal sinus obliteration.
ABSTRACT In an era of endoscopic sinus surgery, frontal sinus obliteration continues to remain an important treatment option in chronic frontal sinus disease. Numerous avascular obliterative materials including fat, muscle, cancellous bone, and hydroxyapatite have been used in this procedure. In this article, we describe a vascularized anteriorly based pericranial flap to obliterate frontal sinus.
Retrospective chart review of patients referred to tertiary care hospital between 1996 and 2003.
Records of the patients who underwent this procedure were reviewed. Demographics, indications, and immediate and late complications were recorded. A phone questionnaire was used to assess patient satisfaction with the outcome.
A total of 12 patients underwent frontal sinus obliteration with this technique. Mean follow-up was 40 months. None of the patients developed recurrent frontal sinusitis. All of the patients were pleased with the outcome.
Pericranial flap is a highly vascularized flap that is easily harvested and is an effective and viable modality for obliterating frontal sinus. EBM rating: C-4.
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ABSTRACT: Despite their extensive use in anterior cranial base reconstruction, very little is understood about the blood supply of galeo-pericranial flaps derived from the forehead region. The goal of this study was to define the extent of the reliable axial blood supply and to determine the volumes of these flaps. The blood supply to anteriorly based galeo-pericranial flaps depends entirely upon the deep branches and a variable component of the superficial branches of the supraorbital and the supratrochlear vessels. The axial component of the blood supply to these flaps is 20-70 mm. The extent of "random' pattern blood supply distal to this could not be adequately assessed. The volumes of various galeo-pericranial flaps range from 3 to 48 cc. The well vascularized proximal portions of galeo-pericranial flaps may well serve the reconstructive needs of the anterior cranial base. Use of more distal portions of these flaps should be undertaken with caution. Some increase in bulk and vascularity may be achieved if the pericranial and the galeal-frontalis myofascial flaps are harvested as a single unit, the composite galeal-frontalis-pericranial flap. Due to the vascular and volume limitations of galeo-pericranial flaps, consideration should be given to the use of microvascular free tissue transfers in instances where large soft tissue defects and a large "dead space' occur.British Journal of Plastic Surgery 01/1997; 49(8):519-28. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy hydroxyapatite cement as an alternative to autologous fat in the obliteration of the frontal sinus after trauma or chronic suppuration. Single institution, nonrandomized, prospective analysis of patients treated in an academic, tertiary care center. Patients were followed with physical examinations and were monitored for recurrent infections, which would have necessitated removal of the implant. Follow-up radiographs were obtained at 12 months. Standard surgical techniques were used to obliterate the frontal sinus with the addition of the placement of a vascularized pericardial flap along the frontal sinus floor. Eleven patients underwent hydroxyapatite frontal sinus obliteration. There were 2 women and 9 men in the series with age ranges from 33 to 82 years (mean, 48 y). Three patients underwent obliteration for trauma and 8 for chronic infections with or without mucopyocele. The mean follow-up is 27 months (range, 3.3-37 mo). No patient has developed clinical or radiographic evidence of recurrent frontal sinusitis and at this point no implants have been removed. Nine of 11 patients (91%) report complete resolution of all symptoms. Hydroxyapatite cement had demonstrated efficacy in full-thickness reconstruction of frontal sinus defects. The pericranial flap may provide a barrier to prevent infection of the implant in the face of acute ethmoid sinusitis. Hydroxyapatite cement offers the advantages of no donor site morbidity and the potential for complete osseointegration.The Laryngoscope 02/2002; 112(1):32-6. · 1.98 Impact Factor