Pitch, roll, and yaw variations in patient positioning.
ABSTRACT To use pretreatment megavoltage-computed tomography (MVCT) scans to evaluate positioning variations in pitch, roll, and yaw for patients treated with helical tomotherapy.
Twenty prostate and 15 head-and-neck cancer patients were selected. Pretreatment MVCT scans were performed before every treatment fraction and automatically registered to planning kilovoltage CT (KVCT) scans by bony landmarks. Image registration data were used to adjust patient setups before treatment. Corrections for pitch, roll, and yaw were recorded after bone registration, and data from fractions 1-5 and 16-20 were used to analyze mean rotational corrections.
For prostate patients, the means and standard deviations (in degrees) for pitch, roll, and yaw corrections were -0.60 +/- 1.42, 0.66 +/- 1.22, and -0.33 +/- 0.83. In head-and-neck patients, the means and standard deviations (in degrees) were -0.24 +/- 1.19, -0.12 +/- 1.53, and 0.25 +/- 1.42 for pitch, roll, and yaw, respectively. No significant difference in rotational variations was observed between Weeks 1 and 4 of treatment. Head-and-neck patients had significantly smaller pitch variation, but significantly larger yaw variation, than prostate patients. No difference was found in roll corrections between the two groups. Overall, 96.6% of the rotational corrections were less than 4 degrees.
The initial rotational setup errors for prostate and head-and-neck patients were all small in magnitude, statistically significant, but did not vary considerably during the course of radiotherapy. The data are relevant to couch hardware design for correcting rotational setup variations. There should be no theoretical difference between these data and data collected using cone beam KVCT on conventional linacs.
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ABSTRACT: An accurate means of determining and correcting for daily patient setup errors is important to the cancer outcome in radiotherapy. While many tools have been developed to detect setup errors, difficulty may arise in accurately adjusting the patient to account for the rotational error components. A novel, automated method to correct for rotational patient setup errors in helical tomotherapy is proposed for a treatment couch that is restricted to motion along translational axes. In tomotherapy, only a narrow superior/inferior section of the target receives a dose at any instant, thus rotations in the sagittal and coronal planes may be approximately corrected for by very slow continuous couch motion in a direction perpendicular to the scanning direction. Results from proof-of-principle tests indicate that the method improves the accuracy of treatment delivery, especially for long and narrow targets. Rotational corrections about an axis perpendicular to the transverse plane continue to be implemented easily in tomotherapy by adjustment of the initial gantry angle.Medical Physics 07/2005; 32(6):1630-9. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using multiple computed tomography (CT) scans, 50 patients undergoing prostate radiotherapy were tested for clinically significant time trends in the target and surrounding critical structures. Significant trends were observed toward increasing bladder volume and increasing bowel-to-planning target volume separation; however, no trends were observed in the prostate, seminal vesicles, or rectum. The subset of patients undergoing hormone therapy was also tested and did not independently exhibit any significant time trends.Radiotherapy and Oncology 04/2002; 62(3):261-5. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A tilt and roll device has been developed to add two additional degrees of freedom to an existing treatment table. This device allows computer-controlled rotational motion about the inferior-superior and left-right patient axes. The tilt and roll device comprises three supports between the tabletop and base. An automotive type universal joint welded to the end of a steel pipe supports the center of the table. Two computer-controlled linear electric actuators utilizing high accuracy stepping motors support the foot of table and control the tilt and roll of the tabletop. The current system meets or exceeds all pre-design specifications for precision, weight capacity, rigidity, and range of motion.Medical Physics 10/1998; 25(9):1739-40. · 2.91 Impact Factor