Polymorphism of the CD14 gene in perennial allergic rhinitis
ABSTRACT Allergic diseases have strong genetic backgrounds. Recently, a C-T polymorphism in the promoter region of CD14 has been associated with phenotypes of atopy in some populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of CD14/-159 polymorphism with total serum IgE levels and number of positive skin prick tests in Korean population with perennial allergic rhinitis.
Deoxyribonucleic acid obtained from 164 children with perennial allergic rhinitis and 160 healthy controls were typed for the promoter polymorphism of CD14 gene at position -159 by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Genotype frequencies, total serum IgE levels, and the number of positive skin tests for each genotype were compared.
There were no significant differences in the CD14/-159 genotype frequencies between the allergic rhinitis group and the control group. In the skin prick test-positive population, the CC homozygotes were associated with higher serum total IgE levels and greater number of positive skin tests compared with subjects with CT and TT alleles (P<0.05).
The results from the present study suggest that CD14/-159 polymorphism may play a role in the development of perennial allergic rhinitis in Korean children.
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ABSTRACT: This review considers the data from studies analysing associations between the CD14C-159T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and asthmatic phenotypes and discusses the variability of the conclusions. By searching PubMed and EMBASE for articles on CD14C-159T -related population or family-based association studies, 47 were identified up till September 2007. Collectively, the studies reviewed herein consistently showed population differences in frequencies of the alleles of the SNP, with African descent having the highest C allele frequencies, followed by Caucasians and Asians. The T allele of the SNP was associated with increased sCD14 in some studies but not in others. Inconsistently, the C allele, or even occasionally the T allele, was associated with atopic phenotypes in a population subgroup. There are several explanations for these inconsistencies, including lack of power, linkage disequilibrium, gene-gene interactions, population admixture and gene-environment interactions. If the SNP was associated with functional changes to the coded protein and thus modulating susceptibility to allergic disease, its effect may be modest and dependent on other co-existent, ethnicity-specific, genetic or environmental risk factors.Allergy 12/2008; 63(11):1411-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2008.01804.x · 6.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The development of allergic rhinitis entails a complex interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental exposure to different factors, of which the most important is the implicated allergen. There is a clear hereditary component in allergic rhinitis that has been well corroborated by segregation studies and investigations in twins. From the strictly genetic perspective, it is believed that the disease may be the result of the interaction of different genetic alterations, each of which would contribute a small defect. In recent years, considerable attention has focused on the genes that may be implicated in allergic rhinitis. A number of genomic searches have been made, yielding different chromosomal associations--the most repeated being those involving chromosomes 2, 3, 4 and 9. Single-nucleotide polymorphism studies involving genes encoding for molecules implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis have also been made. Such molecules comprise chemokines and their receptors, interleukins and their receptors, eosinophil peroxidase and leukotrienes, among others.Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 02/2009; 19 Suppl 1:25-31. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The development of allergic rhinitis is considered to be determined by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) has been proposed to offer protection against allergenic challenge at various levels in allergic responses. The present study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms within the SFTPD gene (Met11Thr, Ala160Thr, and Ser270Thr) are associated with allergic rhinitis. Genotyping of SFTPD polymorphisms was performed using the pyrosequencing method. The study population comprised 216 patients with allergic rhinitis and 84 normal controls. The frequency of 11Thr/Thr genotype and Thr allele in the patient group was significantly higher than that in the control group after applying Bonferroni corrections (P = 0.007 and P = 0.006, respectively). Our subjects with the 11Thr/Thr genotype are more susceptible to allergic rhinitis. There were no significant differences between the patient group and the control group for frequencies of genotypes and alleles in either Ala160Thr or Ser270Thr single nucleotide polymorphisms (P > 0.05). No significant associations could be detected between any of these three SFTPD gene polymorphisms and the skin prick test response (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, there was a lack of association between the three loci and the levels of serum total immunoglobulin E (P > 0.05). In summary, our results suggest that the Met11Thr polymorphism in SP-D plays a major role in the genetic predisposition to allergic rhinitis in Chinese adult population, whereas the other two SP-D polymorphisms displayed no significant association with allergic rhinitis.Tissue Antigens 06/2009; 73(6):546-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2009.01232.x · 2.35 Impact Factor