Polymorphism of the CD14 gene in perennial allergic rhinitis.
ABSTRACT Allergic diseases have strong genetic backgrounds. Recently, a C-T polymorphism in the promoter region of CD14 has been associated with phenotypes of atopy in some populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of CD14/-159 polymorphism with total serum IgE levels and number of positive skin prick tests in Korean population with perennial allergic rhinitis.
Deoxyribonucleic acid obtained from 164 children with perennial allergic rhinitis and 160 healthy controls were typed for the promoter polymorphism of CD14 gene at position -159 by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Genotype frequencies, total serum IgE levels, and the number of positive skin tests for each genotype were compared.
There were no significant differences in the CD14/-159 genotype frequencies between the allergic rhinitis group and the control group. In the skin prick test-positive population, the CC homozygotes were associated with higher serum total IgE levels and greater number of positive skin tests compared with subjects with CT and TT alleles (P<0.05).
The results from the present study suggest that CD14/-159 polymorphism may play a role in the development of perennial allergic rhinitis in Korean children.
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ABSTRACT: The development of allergic hypersensitivity depends on both genetic and environmental factors. Different amounts of microbial products could affect patients with atopy and different genotypes. We aimed to evaluate the role of varying degrees of exposure to infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (tuberculosis) in atopic patients and analyze the association with genetic factors. We performed CD14-159C/T genotyping in atopic patients (n=118) and healthy individuals (n=62) and recorded the following variables: rural lifestyle, exposure to persons with tuberculosis, bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination, tuberculin skin test (TST), skin prick test, and phenotypes of atopy. Blood samples were analyzed for soluble-CD14 (sCD14), interferon (IFN) y, total immunoglobulin (Ig) E, and eosinophil levels. A score was used to identify the likelihood of exposure to tuberculosis. Almost all the study participants had had a BCG vaccination, and half had a positive TST result. No differences were observed between atopic patients with high/low tuberculosis scores and CD14 genotypes in terms of atopic phenotypes, allergen sensitization, and levels of total IgE, sCD14, and IFN-y. However, the frequency of asthma was higher in atopic patients with a high tuberculosis score and was not associated with CD14 genotypes. Eosinophil counts in blood were higher in atopic patients with a high tuberculosis score and CC+CT genotypes. These results suggest that the C allele of the CD14-159C/T polymorphism has a marked effect on eosinophil levels in atopic patients with increased exposure to tuberculosis. In addition, the degree of exposure to tuberculosis in atopic patients may modify the development of asthma.Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 01/2012; 22(3):201-7. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The development of allergic rhinitis is considered to be determined by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Surfactant protein A (SP-A), a member of the collectin family of proteins, plays an important role in immune regulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between SP-A polymorphisms and allergic rhinitis. We conducted a case-control association study on a Chinese Han population, comprising 216 adult individuals with AR and 84 healthy controls. A total of 9 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) mapped to the SP-A were genotyped using PCR-based molecular identification methods. The frequency of A allele at amino acid 223 in the patient group was significantly higher than that in the control group after correcting for multiple testing (P = 0.006). The 1A(2) allele haplotype in SFTPA2 was associated with decreased risk for allergic rhinitis, after applying Bonferroni corrections (P = 0.003). However, genetic variants of the SFTPA1 genes were not found to be associated with AR. In addition, no significant associations were established between any of the 9 SFTPA gene polymorphisms and the skin-prick test responses (P > 0.05). Further, no association was established between the 9 SNP loci and the levels of total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) (P > 0.05). These results indicate that the gene polymorphism at the residue 223 in the carbohydrate recognition domain of SFTPA2 may be a genetic marker for the development of AR in the adult Chinese Han population.Molecular Biology Reports 10/2010; 38(3):1475-82. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Studying gene-environment interactions may elucidate the complex origins of atopic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of CD14 polymorphisms and atopy in Egyptian children and to study whether atopy is influenced by CD14 interaction with tobacco smoke exposure. CD14 -159 C/T and CD14 -550 C/T were genotyped in 500 asthmaic children, 150 allergic rhinitis children and 150 controls. We found that CD14 -159T allele, CD14 -550T allele and CD14 -159T/-550T haplotype were significantly associated with atopic asthma and allergic rhinitis groups. CD14 -159 TT and CD14 -550 TT genotypes associated with elevated IgE levels in children exposed to tobacco smoke. The TT genotype of CD14 -159 C/T and CD14 -550 C/T was associated with higher serum levels of sCD14. The present study indicated that CD14 gene polymorphisms may contribute to susceptibility to atopy in Egyptian children and influenced with tobacco smoke exposure.Cellular Immunology 08/2013; 285(1-2):31-37. · 1.74 Impact Factor