TCRzeta mRNA splice variant forms observed in the peripheral blood T cells from systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Tyrosine phosphorylation and protein expression of the T-cell receptor zeta chain (zeta) have been reported to be significantly decreased in SLE T cells. In addition, zeta mRNA with alternatively spliced 3' untranslated region (zetamRNA/as-3'UTR) is detected predominantly in SLE T cells, and aberrant zeta mRNA accompanied by the mutations in the open reading frame including zeta mRNA lacking exon7 (zetamRNA/exon7-) is observed in SLE T cells. These zeta mRNA splice variant forms exhibit a reduction in the expression of TCR/CD3 complex and zeta protein on their cell surface due to the instability of zeta mRNA splice variant forms as well as the reduction in interleukin (IL)-2 production after stimulating with anti-CD3 antibody. Data from cDNA microarray showed that 36 genes encoding cytokines and chemokines, including IL-2, IL-15, IL-18, and TGF-beta2, were down-regulated in the MA5.8 cells transfected with the zeta mRNA splice variant forms. Another 16 genes were up-regulated and included genes associated with membranous proteins and cell damage granules, including the genes encoding poliovirus-receptor-related 2, syndecan-1, and granzyme A.
SourceAvailable from: Ayton Meintjes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Measles virus (MV) causes T cell suppression by interference with phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) activation. We previously found that this interference affected the activity of splice regulatory proteins and a T cell inhibitory protein isoform was produced from an alternatively spliced pre-mRNA. Differentially regulated and alternatively splice variant transcripts accumulating in response to PI3K abrogation in T cells potentially encode proteins involved in T cell silencing. To test this hypothesis at the cellular level, we performed a Human Exon 1.0 ST Array on RNAs isolated from T cells stimulated only or stimulated after PI3K inhibition. We developed a simple algorithm based on a splicing index to detect genes that undergo alternative splicing (AS) or are differentially regulated (RG) upon T cell suppression. Applying our algorithm to the data, 9% of the genes were assigned as AS, while only 3% were attributed to RG. Though there are overlaps, AS and RG genes differed with regard to functional regulation, and were found to be enriched in different functional groups. AS genes targeted extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction and focal adhesion pathways, while RG genes were mainly enriched in cytokine-receptor interaction and Jak-STAT. When combined, AS/RG dependent alterations targeted pathways essential for T cell receptor signaling, cytoskeletal dynamics and cell cycle entry. PI3K abrogation interferes with key T cell activation processes through both differential expression and alternative splicing, which together actively contribute to T cell suppression.PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e50695. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0050695 · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) has been related to cellular immune disturbances. The zeta (zeta) chain, a component of the T-cell receptor/CD3 (TCR) complex and CD16 heterodimer in NK cells, plays a crucial role in T and NK cell activation and proliferation. The aim of our study was to examine zeta chain expression in CD4+, CD8+ T lymphocytes and NK cells in the peripheral blood of children with INS and to evaluate the effect of anti-CD3+rIL-2 stimulation on the level of zeta chain expression in the INS pediatric population. The study group consisted of 15 children with INS in relapse, 16 patients with INS in clinical remission, and 17 controls. The percentage of zeta-positive cells and the values of mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) were determined by flow cytometry. Compared with that in the controls, the percentage of zeta+ freshly isolated NK cells in children with INS in relapse was significantly lower, whereas, in CD3+/CD4+ and CD3+/CD8+ populations, no alteration was observed. There were no differences in the MFI values between the populations of freshly isolated cells either. Stimulation with anti-CD3+rIL-2 decreased the percentage of zeta+/CD4+ T cells and NKzeta+ cells in a significant way in all the groups analysed, whereas the percentage of zeta+/CD8+ T cells decreased significantly only in patients with INS in relapse. The altered pattern of zeta expression in fresh NK cells from children with INS in relapse, and the disturbed response of zeta+/CD8+ T cells to anti-CD3+rIL-2 stimulation in relapse, suggests the possible role of this chain in immune dysregulation in INS, particularly with regard to cytotoxic cells.Pediatric Nephrology 10/2009; 25(1):119-27. DOI:10.1007/s00467-009-1305-8 · 2.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Alternative splicing is a general mechanism for regulating gene expression that affects the RNA products of more than 90% of human genes. Not surprisingly, alternative splicing is observed among gene products of metazoan immune systems, which have evolved to efficiently recognize pathogens and discriminate between "self" and "non-self", and thus need to be both diverse and flexible. In this review we focus on the specific interface between alternative splicing and autoimmune diseases, which result from a malfunctioning of the immune system and are characterized by the inappropriate reaction to self-antigens. Despite the widespread recognition of alternative splicing as one of the major regulators of gene expression, the connections between alternative splicing and autoimmunity have not been apparent. We summarize recent findings connecting splicing and autoimmune disease, and attempt to find common patterns of splicing regulation that may advance our understanding of autoimmune diseases and open new avenues for therapy.RNA biology 07/2010; 7(4):462-73. DOI:10.4161/rna.7.4.12301 · 5.38 Impact Factor