Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Tyrosine phosphorylation and protein expression of the T-cell receptor zeta chain (zeta) have been reported to be significantly decreased in SLE T cells. In addition, zeta mRNA with alternatively spliced 3' untranslated region (zetamRNA/as-3'UTR) is detected predominantly in SLE T cells, and aberrant zeta mRNA accompanied by the mutations in the open reading frame including zeta mRNA lacking exon7 (zetamRNA/exon7-) is observed in SLE T cells. These zeta mRNA splice variant forms exhibit a reduction in the expression of TCR/CD3 complex and zeta protein on their cell surface due to the instability of zeta mRNA splice variant forms as well as the reduction in interleukin (IL)-2 production after stimulating with anti-CD3 antibody. Data from cDNA microarray showed that 36 genes encoding cytokines and chemokines, including IL-2, IL-15, IL-18, and TGF-beta2, were down-regulated in the MA5.8 cells transfected with the zeta mRNA splice variant forms. Another 16 genes were up-regulated and included genes associated with membranous proteins and cell damage granules, including the genes encoding poliovirus-receptor-related 2, syndecan-1, and granzyme A.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus exhibit a notable array of defects that probably contribute to the origin and development of the disease. Such abnormalities include an abnormal response to stimulation, aberrant expression of molecules that play key roles in intracellular signalling pathways, altered transcription factor activation and binding, and skewed gene expression. The combination of these alterations leads the cell to the expression of a particular phenotype that intense research has gradually uncovered over the last years. The aim of this article is to review the findings that have allowed us to better understand the behaviour of the lupus T cell and highlight the molecules that represent potential therapeutic targets.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 12/2007; 66 Suppl 3(suppl 3):iii65-9. DOI:10.1136/ard.2007.078493 · 10.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD137 plays an important role as a co-stimulatory molecule in activated T cells. Agonistic CD137 specific antibodies have been investigated as therapeutic agents to promote tumor-specific immune responses by direct activation of T cells. As part of the pre-clinical pharmacological evaluation of cynomolgus monkeys, monkey CD137 was cloned and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence encoded a full-length gene of 254 amino acids 95% identical to human CD137. Sequence variants identified in monkey CD137 include four splice variants lacking the transmembrane domain. These variants were detectable in human including two previously unreported variants. Two missense single nucleotide polymorphisms were detected present in 42 and 50% of 36 monkeys tested. In both monkey and human, mRNA expression of full-length CD137 and splice variants were significantly increased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) upon stimulation by anti-CD3 antibodies. Recombinant monkey CD137 protein was bound with high affinity by an agonistic anti-human CD137 antibody but not by an anti-mouse CD137 antibody. In summary, compared to human, monkey CD137 showed distinct extracellular domain amino acid sequence and sequence polymorphisms. Thus, antibodies directed against epitopes in this extracellular domain could have differences in pharmacologic activity between cynomolgus monkeys and human or across individual cynomolgus monkeys.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer development from a squamous intraepithelial lesion is thought to be favored by an impaired T cell immunity. We evaluated parameters of T cell alterations such as proliferation, cytokine, and CD3zeta expression in peripheral blood and tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes from women with squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) or cervical cancer (CC).
T cell proliferation and cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) expression were similar in women with SIL and healthy donors, whereas low T cell proliferation and lower mRNA expression of IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-gamma were observed in women with CC. Moreover, infiltrating cells showed marginal responses. We also found that CD3zeta mRNA expression, whose protein is required for T cell activation, correlated with a decreased proliferation in advanced stages of the disease.
Experiments with T cells from healthy donors in the presence TGF-beta1 or IL-10 suggest that these cytokines have a relevant role in T cell responses during CC progression.
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