Prediction of human microRNA targets.
ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, nonprotein-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Although hundreds of human miRNA genes have been discovered, the functions of most of these are unknown. Computational predictions indicate that miRNAs, which account for at least 1% of human protein-coding genes, regulate protein production for thousands of or possibly all of human genes. We discuss the functions of mammalian miRNAs and the experimental and computational methods used to detect and predict human miRNA target genes. Anticipating their impact on genome-wide discovery of miRNA targets, we describe the various computational tools and web-based resources available to predict miRNA targets.
- SourceAvailable from: Zhenghe LiScience China. Life sciences 08/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our data in the previous report demonstrated that C10orf116 (AFRO) is an adipocyte lineage-specific nuclear factor that can modulate the master adipogenesis transcription factors early during differentiation. However, more precise functional properties of this gene need to be clarified and await further investigation. Therefore, in this study, we performed an expression profile of cellular MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in the C10orf116 overexpression 3T3-L1 adipocytes and performed target prediction and functional enrichment of the differentially expressed miRNAs. Our study identified 34 miRNAs up-regulated in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes stably overexpressing C10orf116, whereas 43 miRNAs up-regulated in the control cells. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were found to be involved in multiple signalling pathways, such as Wnt, TGF-beta, MAPK, Jak-STAT, insulin signalling pathway, et al. Our data provided novel information for the identification of C10orf116.Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The metastatic spread of tumor cells is the major risk factor affecting the clinical prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The metastatic phenotype can be modulated by dysregulating the synthesis of different structural and functional proteins of tumor cells. Micro(mi)RNAs are noncoding RNAs that recognize their cognate messenger (m)RNA targets by sequence-specific interactions with the 3' untranslated region and are involved in the multistep process of CRC development. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression and biological roles of miR-224 in CRC. The miR-224 expression level was assessed by a quantitative real-time PCR in 79 CRC and 18 nontumor tissues. Expression levels of miR-224 in CRC tissues were significantly lower than those in nontumor tissues. Its expression level was associated with the mutation status of the APC gene. Ectopic expression of miR-224 suppressed the migratory ability of CRC cell line, but cell proliferation was less affected. Increased miR-224 diminished Cdc42 and SMAD4 expressions at both the protein and mRNA levels and inhibited the formation of actin filaments. Overall, this study indicated a role of miR-224 in negatively regulating CRC cell migration. The expression level of miR-224 may be a useful predictive biomarker for CRC progression.Disease markers 01/2014; 2014:617150. · 2.14 Impact Factor