Plasma visfatin levels in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance
ABSTRACT Visfatin, a new adipokine, facilitates adipogenesis and has insulin-mimetic properties. We aimed to investigate the plasma visfatin levels in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), who had no obesity or hypertension. Twenty-two patients with T2DM, 18 subjects with IGT and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. Visfatin levels were measured along with the BMI, blood pressure, lipids, glucose, insulin, adiponectin and hsCRP levels, and HOMA-IR indexes. Age, sex and BMI were similar in all groups. Visfatin levels were higher in the diabetic group than the controls (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in the visfatin levels between the T2DM and IGT groups as well as IGT group and healthy controls. Plasma visfatin concentrations did not differ between men and women. Visfatin levels did not correlate with BMI, blood pressure, plasma adiponectin, insulin, hsCRP, glucose and lipid levels or HOMA-IR indexes in the three groups. These results indicate that hyperglycemia causes an increase in plasma visfatin levels and, as in people with T2DM but not with IGT, this increase gets more prominent as the glucose intolerance worsens.
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ABSTRACT: Visfatin (NAMPT formerly known as PBEF1) is an adipokine that is strongly expressed in visceral fat and has caused much debate among researchers, regarding its involvement in glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance. It was initially isolated from bone marrow cells, and its involvement in inflammatory procedures such as sepsis and acute lung inflammation is now evident. Several studies have also reported an association of plasma visfatin levels with obesity. We undertook an evaluation of the involvement of the NAMPT gene in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the Greek population. We studied 178 patients with T2DM and 177 controls that were matched for sex, age and body mass index. We genotyped three tagging SNPs selected from the HapMap II CEPH European population as reference for the Greek population. These three SNPs tag another 12 SNPs over the entire NAMPT gene with a mean r(2) of 0.92. No indications of association with disease status were found with any of the tested variants or the inferred haplotypes. Results were also negative when the quantitative traits of weight and BMI were tested. Although our study covers common variants across the NAMPT gene, the possible involvement of rare variants in T2DM etiology cannot be ruled out and will require the investigation of very large numbers of cases and controls.Cytokine 07/2010; 51(1):25-7. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2010.04.006 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Visfatin is an adipose tissue-derived hormone shown to correlate with visceral fat mass in patients with obesity. Its possible role in patients with different types of eating disorders is unknown. We measured fasting serum levels of visfatin and leptin and surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity in 10 untreated patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), 10 untreated patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and 20 age-matched healthy women (C) to study the possible role of visfatin in these disorders. Patients with AN had severely decreased body mass index (BMI) and body fat content. BMI of BN group did not significantly differ from that of C group, whereas body fat content of BN group was significantly lower compared to C and higher compared to AN group, respectively. Serum glucose levels did not significantly differ among the groups studied, whereas serum insulin and leptin levels and HOMA index were significantly decreased in AN group relative to both C and BN group. In contrast, serum visfatin levels in both patients with AN and BN did not differ from those of C group. We conclude that circulating visfatin levels are not affected by the presence of chronic malnutrition in AN or binge/purge eating behavior in BN.Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca 01/2009; 58(6):903-7. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: White adipose tissue, previously regarded as a passive lipid storage site, is now viewed as a dynamic tissue. It has the capacity to actively communicate by sending and receiving different types of signals. An overview of these signals, the external modulators that affect adipose tissue and the secreted signaling molecules, the adipokines, is presented. The secretory function is highlighted in relation to energy metabolism, inflammation and the extracellular matrix and placed in the context of adipose tissue biology. We observe that the endocrine function of adipocytes receives much attention, while its paracrine and autocrine functions are underestimated. Also, we provide examples that species specificity should not be neglected. We conclude that adipose tissue primarily is an energy storage organ, well supported by its secretory function.Journal of Cellular Physiology 07/2008; 216(1):3-13. DOI:10.1002/jcp.21386 · 3.87 Impact Factor