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Hegedus Z, Czibula A, Kiss-Toth E.. Tribbles: a family of kinase-like proteins with potent signalling regulatory function. Cell Signal 19: 238-250

Bioinformatics Group, Biological Research Center, Szeged, Hungary.
Cellular Signalling (Impact Factor: 4.47). 03/2007; 19(2):238-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2006.06.010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The recent identification of tribbles as regulators of signal processing systems and physiological processes, including development, together with their potential involvement in diabetes and cancer, has generated considerable interest in these proteins. Tribbles have been reported to regulate activation of a number of intracellular signalling pathways with roles extending from mitosis and cell activation to apoptosis and modulation of gene expression. The current review summarises our current understanding of interactions between tribbles and various other proteins. Since our understanding on the molecular basis of tribbles function is far from complete, we also describe a bioinformatic analysis of various segments of tribbles proteins, which has revealed a number of highly conserved peptide motifs with potentially important functional roles.

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    • "The TRB3 (a mammalian homolog of Drosophila) is emerging as an important player in the regulation of insulin signaling (Matsushima et al. 2006; Hegedus et al. 2007). TRB3 specifically blocks the actions of insulin in the liver by binding to the enzyme Akt, reducing its phosphorylation (Du et al. 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic insulin resistance is the major contributor to fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. The protein kinase Akt plays a central role in the suppression of gluconeogenesis involving forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), and in the control of glycogen synthesis involving the glycogen synthase kinase beta (GSK3β) in the liver. It has been demonstrated that endosomal adaptor protein APPL1 interacts with Akt and blocks the association of Akt with its endogenous inhibitor, tribbles-related protein 3 (TRB3), improving the action of insulin in the liver. Here, we demonstrated that chronic exercise increased the basal levels and insulin-induced Akt serine phosphorylation in the liver of diet-induced obese mice. Endurance training was able to increase APPL1 expression and the interaction between APPL1 and Akt. Conversely, training reduced both TRB3 expression and TRB3 and Akt association. The positive effects of exercise on insulin action are reinforced by our findings that showed that trained mice presented an increase in Foxo1 phosphorylation and Foxo1/PGC-1α association, which was accompanied by a reduction in gluconeogenic gene expressions (PEPCK and G6Pase). Finally, exercised animals demonstrated increased at basal and insulin-induced GSK3β phosphorylation levels and glycogen content at 24 h after the last session of exercise. Our findings demonstrate that exercise increases insulin action, at least in part, through the enhancement of APPL1 and the reduction of TRB3 expression in the liver of obese mice, independently of weight loss.
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    • "Additionally, the kinase activity of DYRK2 is necessary for substrate ubiquitylation and degradation by the EDVP complex. TRIB2 may perform a scaffolding function similar to DYRK2, although it may not possess the phosphorylation capabilities, as TRIB2 has been proposed to be a pseudokinase (Hegedus et al., 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Here, we report elevated expression of tribbles homolog 2 (TRIB2) in primary human lung tumors and in non-small cell lung cancer cells that express low levels of differentiation-inducing transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα). In approximately 10-20% of cases, elevated TRIB2 expression resulted from gene amplification. TRIB2 knockdown was found to inhibit cell proliferation and in vivo tumor growth. In addition, TRIB2 knockdown led to morphological changes similar to C/EBPα overexpression and correlated with increased expression and activity of C/EBPα. TRIB2-mediated regulation of C/EBPα was found to occur through the association of TRIB2 with the E3 ligase TRIM21. Together, these data identify TRIB2 as a potential driver of lung tumorigenesis through a mechanism that involves downregulation of C/EBPα.
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