Ductal carcinoma in situ: Value of sentinel lymph node biopsy
ABSTRACT Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) represents about 20% of newly diagnosed breast carcinomas. Axillary metastasis is often related to undiagnosed DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM). The aim of this study was to confirm the interest of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in extensive DCIS.
Patients with a diagnosis of DCIS or DCISM and axillary lymph node evaluation were selected. Surgical treatment included SLN biopsy and/or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Serial sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and with an immunohistochemical (IHC) method. When a micrometastasis was found, the breast specimen was revised searching for occult microinvasion.
Hundred and forty patients with initial DCIS were enrolled in the study. Node metastasis was identified in 9 patients (7%) of the 128 patients with DCIS and DCISM. At final histology, 4 (10%) of the 39 patients with pure DCIS and SLN biopsy and 1 (7%) of the 14 patients with DCISM and SLN biopsy had axillary micrometastasis. Four of the 12 patients upstaged to invasive carcinoma had metastatic SLNs.
Sentinel lymph node biopsy is valuable in patients with diffuse DCIS or DCISM who are scheduled for mastectomy in order to search for axillary micrometastases and occult breast microinvasion.
SourceAvailable from: Sergi Vidal-Sicart[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: xxx(xx):xxx---xxx Revista de Senología y Patología Mamaria www.elsevier.es/senologia ARTÍCULO ESPECIAL Consenso sobre la biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela en el cáncer de mama. Revisión 2013 de la Sociedad Española de Senología y Patología Mamaria
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ABSTRACT: Background: Whether sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) should be performed in patients with pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast has been a question of debate over the last decade. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with microinvasive disease and determine the criteria for performing SLNB in patients with DCIS. Materials and Methods: 125 patients with DCIS who underwent surgery between January 2000 and December 2008 were reviewed to identify factors associated with DCIS and DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM). Results: 88 patients (70.4%) had pure DCIS and 37 (29.6%) had DCISM. Among 33 DCIS patients who underwent SLNB, one patient (3.3%) was found to have isolated tumor cells in her biopsy, whereas 1 of 14 (37.8%) patients with DCISM had micrometastasis (7.1%). Similarly, of 16 patients (18.2%) with pure DCIS and axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) without SLNB, none had lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, of 20 patients with DCISM and ALND, only one (5%) had metastasis. In multivariate analysis, the presence of comedo necrosis [relative risk (RR)=4.1, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.6-10.6, P=0.004], and hormone receptor (ER or PR) negativity (RR=4.0, 95%CI=1.5-11, P=0.007), were found to be significantly associated with microinvasion. Conclusions: Our findings suggest patients presenting with a preoperative diagnosis of DCIS associated with comedo necrosis or hormone receptor negativity are more likely to have a microinvasive component in definitive pathology following surgery, and should be considered for SLNB procedure along with patients who will undergo mastectomy due to DCIS.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2014; 15(1):55-60. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.1.55 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of sentinel lymph node biopsy in microinvasive breast carcinoma is unclear. We examined the incidence of lymph node metastasis in patients with microinvasive carcinoma who underwent surgery at our institution. Retrospective review of our pathology database was performed (1994-2012). Of 7000 patients surgically treated for invasive breast carcinoma, 99 (1%) were classified as microinvasive carcinoma. Axillary staging was performed in 81 patients (64, sentinel lymph node biopsy; 17, axillary lymph node excision). Seven cases (9%) showed isolated tumor/epithelial cells in sentinel nodes. Three of these seven cases showed reactive changes in lymph nodes, papillary lesions in the breast with or without displaced epithelial cells within biopsy site tract, or immunohistochemical (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER2) discordance between the primary tumor in the breast and epithelial cells in the lymph node, consistent with iatrogenically transported epithelial cells rather than true metastasis. The remaining four cases included two cases, each with a single cytokeratin-positive cell in the subcapsular sinus detected by immunohistochemistry only, and two cases with isolated tumor cells singly and in small clusters (<20 cells per cross-section) by hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry. The exact nature of cytokeratin-positive cells in the former two cases could not be determined and might still have represented iatrogenically displaced cells. In the final analysis, only two cases (3%) had isolated tumor cells. Three of these four cases had additional axillary lymph nodes excised, which were all negative for tumor cells. At a median follow-up of 37 months (range 6-199 months), none of these patients had axillary recurrences. Our results show very low incidence of sentinel lymph node involvement (3%), only as isolated tumor cells, in microinvasive carcinoma patients. None of our cases showed micrometastases or macrometastasis. We recommend reassessment of the routine practice of sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with microinvasive carcinoma.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 18 April 2014; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2014.54.Modern Pathology 04/2014; DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2014.54 · 6.36 Impact Factor