In developed countries, changes in the nature of work and the workforce may necessitate recalibrating the vision of occupational safety and health (OSH) researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to increase the focus on the most important issues. New methods of organizing the workplace, extensive labor contracting, expansion of service and knowledge sectors, increase in small business, aging and immigrant workers, and the continued existence of traditional hazards in high-risk sectors such as construction, mining, agriculture, health care, and transportation support the need to address: 1) broader consideration of the role and impact of work, 2) relationship between work and psychological dysfunction, 3) increased surveillance basis for research and intervention, 4) overcoming barriers to the conduct and use of epidemiologic research, 5) information and knowledge transfer and application, 6) economic issues in prevention, and 7) the global interconnectedness of OSH. These issues are offered to spur thinking as new national research agendas for OSH are considered for developed countries.
"Employers need to be aware that a failure to address health and safety issues, such as the kinds of stressors identified in this study, increasingly means opening their organisations to breaches of health and safety legislation and, in some cases, private or class action law suits. As a result, thorough risk analysis and harm minimisation strategies that include accurate stressor identification and minimisation strategies are a must (Schulte, 2006). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Employee stress has harmful effects for employees, organisations, families and society. However, employee stress, and the workplace stressors that create it, go largely unaddressed by organisations. Hospitality workplaces, including gaming venues, appear especially conducive environments for employee stress, although little research has focused on stressors in gaming venues. Through qualitative analysis of data from a previous study of gaming venue employees, this study investigated stressors in gambling workplaces. The analysis revealed that employment conditions, shift work, demanding work roles, emotional labour, patron interactions, uncertainty and lack of control, legal responsibilities, ethical concerns, and super-charged environments are key stressors for employees in gambling workplaces. In this regard gaming venue employees may face additional stressors to hospitality employees more generally. Policy and practical implications for human resource managers are discussed.
Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism 04/2013; 12(2):126-154. DOI:10.1080/15332845.2013.752708
"To regulate this situation, several authors notice the importance of the research on knowledge transfer in the field of OSH (Goldenhar et al., 2001; Kramer and Cole, 2003; Schulte, 2006; Schulte et al., 2003), on the peculiarities of this research domain (Schulte, 2006), on the research process and its impacts on practices, rules and policies (Schulte, 2006), as well as on the importance of working with new qualitative and quantitative tools to estimate the transfer in OSH (Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada, 2001). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t The purpose of this paper is to investigate activities of research transfer, the extent of the use of these activities, and the research transfer determinants. This study is based on a population of more than 400 researchers in the field of occupational safety and health (OSH) in Canada, who completed an elec-tronic questionnaire. The results show notably that there is no significant statistical difference between fields for the four activities of research transfer and that several factors have a significant impact on research transfer. Researchers in OSH constituted a rather homogenous unit and can improve the research transfer notably by the adaptation of knowledge, by focusing the research on users' needs and by improving their link with users.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ResumenEste estudio cualitativo, exploratorio y descriptivo en cinco ciudades examina lascondiciones de trabajo, los riesgos, los factores influyentes y los effectos en saludexperimentados por trabajadores inmigrantes en España. Se diseñó una muestra por criterio.El tamaño de la muestra final de 158 hombres y mujeres documentados e indocumentadosse determinó por saturación del discurso. Los datos fueron recogidos entre septiembre del2006 y mayo de 2007 mediante entrevistas individuales y grupos focales, ambos semiestructuradosy con un guión de temas. Se empleó un análisis narrativo del contenido,siguiendo un esquema de generación mixta. Los datos muestran una exposición frecuente auna variedad de riesgos laborales, horas largas de trabajo y pocos días de descanso, ademásde prácticas discriminatorias en cuanto a la asignación de tareas. Los informantes carecíande formación en seguridad laboral y de experiencia en sus puestos de trabajo. La mayoríatenía poco control sobre su ambiente de trabajo. Finalmente, relataron abusos en términosde sus condiciones de empleo. Los efectos en salud relatados cubrían un rango, desde laexperiencia o el miedo de sufrir lesiones agudas, lesiones de estrés crónico, problemasrespiratorios y dermatológicos, la acumulación de fatiga, afectaciones del sueño, síntomassomáticos y síntomas de salud psicológica pobre tales como ansiedad y depresión. Seexaminan las diferencias halladas por estatus administrativo y género. Estos resultados nodejan lugar a duda en cuanto a la necesidad de mejorar el apoyo a los inmigrantestrabajadores. También son necesarios mejores datos y vigilancia a la salud de esta poblacióncomo elementos centrales de tal apoyo. Se discuten áreas específcas que requieren másatención desde la investigación y la polítca.AbstractThis qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study in five cities examines the workingconditions, hazards, influencing factors and effects on health experienced by immigrantworkers in Spain. A criterion sample was designed. The final sample of 158 documentedand undocumented immigrant men and women was determined by saturation of thediscourse. Data were collected between September 2006 and May 2007 through semistructuredindividual interviews and focus groups, using a topic guide. We employednarrative content analysis to examine data according to a mixed-generation scheme. The datademonstrated widespread exposure to a variety of occupational hazards, long work hours,and few days off, as well as discriminatory assignation of tasks. Informants lacked workersafety training, appropriate personal protective equipment, and experience in current jobs.Most had very little control over elements of their work environment. Finally, informantsreported abuses in terms of employment conditions. Health effects reported ranged fromthe experience or fear of acute injuries, to chronic strain injuries, respiratory anddermatologic responses, to the accumulation of fatigue, sleep affectations, somaticsymptoms, and mental health concerns such as anxiety and depressive mood. Differencesby documentation status and gender are discussed. These results leave little doubt about theneed for better outreach and support for immigrant workers in Spain. Better data collectionand surveillance of this worker population is a centrally necessary element of strongerimmigrant worker support. Specific areas in need of more study and policy considerationare discussed.
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