Proteomic analysis of a highly metastatic gastric cancer cell line using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis.
ABSTRACT Stomach cancer is still a major cause of death in Asian people despite a complete cure after the resection of early cancers, mainly because peritoneal dissemination is difficult to treat. In the present study, we used two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) to identify specific proteins differentially expressed between a highly metastatic stomach cancer cell line MKN-45-P and its parental cell line MKN-45. We detected 27 protein spots in at least 2 of 3 experiments which showed statistically significant differences in abundance. All 27 protein spots were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and database-searching software. A proteomic analysis revealed 13 different proteins with some isoforms sharing different biochemical characteristics, and that 8 proteins were up-regulated, and 5 were down-regulated. The 13 proteins were mainly involved in protein synthesis (transfer RNA synthetase), metabolism (flavoprotein subunit, pyruvate kinase, adenylate kinase), receptor and signal transduction (annexins I and A2), the cytoskeleton (keratin 5, cytokeratin 8) and cell cycling (ts11). These results suggested that a proteomic approach including 2-D DIGE would be an efficient way to identify the proteins responsible for specific biological functions. Moreover, these observations might be novel findings leading to the prediction of postoperative peritoneal recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: Pygeum africanum (Tadenan) is a popular phytotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. The active compounds of the drug have not been identified, and determining the plasma concentration of the drug is, therefore, not possible. Because there are conflicting results on the efficacy of this drug, we aimed to investigate its effect on prostate cell growth in vitro using human serum collected before and after Pygeum africanum intake. We used primary and organotypic cultures of human prostatic stromal myofibroblast cell line WPMY and prostatic epithelial cell line PNT2. We also used fresh benign prostatic tissue. The serum of a treated man induced decreases in the proliferation of primary cells, organotypic cells and WPMY cells but not PNT2 cells. We also analysed the effect of treated serum on the gene expression profile of WPMY cells. The transcriptome analysis revealed an upregulation of genes involved in multiple tumour suppression pathways and a downregulation of genes involved in inflammation and oxidative-stress pathways. The oral intake of Pygeum africanum resulted in serum levels of active substances that were sufficient to inhibit the proliferation of cultured myofibroblasts prostatic cells. This inhibition was associated with changes in the transcriptome.Asian Journal of Andrology 12/2011; 14(3):499-504. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In a search for proteins involved in cancer metastasis, we analyzed proteomes of the human gastric cancer cell OCUM-2M and its metastatic subline OCUM-2MLN. We observed that aspartate aminotransferase (AAT), D-site binding protein (DBP), and anterior gradient protein 2 (AGR2) are differentially expressed in metastatic OCUM-2MLN cells. Measurement of protein expression in clinical samples indicated that DBP and AAT are also down-regulated in metastatic adenocarcinoma. Additionally, urokinase-type tissue plasminogen activator is up-regulated in OCUM-2MLN cells and also in metastatic gastric cancer samples. Collectively, these results raise a possibility that AAT, DBP and AGR2 are functionally implicated in the invasiveness of gastric cancer cells.Molecules and Cells 06/2011; 31(6):563-71. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma (OSA) is the most common primary malignancy of bone. Molecular mechanism underlying OSA remains to be fully elucidated. It is critical to identify reliable diagnostic and prognostic markers for OSA at the molecular levels. This study is designed to investigate possible molecular mechanisms behind OSA development and to identify novel prognostic markers related to OSA survival. We conduct a comprehensive proteomic profiling analysis of human OSA cell lines with differential metastatic potential. Through comprehensive combinatorial analyses of the proteomic data and the previously obtained cDNA microarray results, we identify 37 candidate proteins which are differentially expressed in OSA sublines. Among them, ALDOA and SULT1A3 are selected for further investigation. The expressions of protein are confirmed by Western blotting analysis. We further analyze the expression levels of ALDOA and SULT1A3 from 40 clinical cases of OSA. The results demonstrate that the expression of ALDOA and/or SULT1A3 is significantly higher in patients with worse survival time than patients with better survival time. Five-year survival analysis shows there is a statistically significant difference between two patient populations. The data strongly suggest that ALDOA and/or SULT1A3 expression level in biopsy samples may predict the clinical outcomes of OSA patients. Furthermore, the biological functions of ALDOA and SULT1A3 may be implicated in OSA development and/or progression. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Molecular Carcinogenesis 09/2012; · 4.27 Impact Factor