Evaluation of anastomotic microcirculation after low anterior rectal resection: an experimental study with different reconstruction forms in dogs.
ABSTRACT Data on anastomotic microcirculation of coloanal anastomoses are contradictory. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to investigate perianastomotic blood perfusion in a standardized experimental setting comparing three forms of reconstruction using laser fluorescence videography, a new method for the evaluation of microcirculation.
After a standardised rectal resection in dogs, reconstruction was performed as straight end-to-end (n = 6), side-to-end (n = 6), or J-pouch (n = 6) coloanal anastomosis. Bowel perfusion was evaluated using IC-View laser fluorescence videography.
The perfusion index was significantly reduced in all three groups compared to the reference regions: endto-end anastomosis, median, 93% (range, 63%-136%); side-to-end-anastomosis, 65% (35%-138%); colonic-J-pouch anal anastomosis, 52% (32%-72%); p < 0.001).
Straight coloanal anastomoses provide better anastomotic microcirculation after rectal resections than colonic-J-pouch anal anastomoses or side-to-end anastomoses. However this effect does not seem to be decisive for the prevention of anastomotic leaks.
SourceAvailable from: Jochen Grommes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Purpose: If a colonic or small bowel lesion is not accessible for endoscopic mucosal resection, enterotomy is a possible although rarely performed surgical technique. It has never been compared to circular anastomosis regarding leakage rate, bowel wall perfusion, and wound healing. Thus, the aim of this basic experimental scientific study was to investigate perianastomotic microcirculation and wound healing. Methods: Forty rats were divided into four groups (1 jejunal anastomosis, 2 jejunal enterotomy, 3 colonic anastomosis, and 4 colonic enterotomy). Following anastomosis and enterotomy, the intestinal perfusion was measured using laser fluorescence angiography (IC-View). On postoperative day 7, the surface of the mucosal villi, expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2, 8, 9, and 13, and the number of proliferating cells (Ki67) as well as the collagen types I/III ratio were analyzed. Results: The perianastomotic microperfusion was significantly reduced in all groups compared to the reference region. The perianastomotic perfusion index was significantly reduced in group 1 compared with group 2, whereas the perfusion index in group 3 was slightly but not significantly reduced in comparison to group 4. Ki67 was elevated in both circular anastomosis groups. Surface of the mucosal villi, MMP expression, and collagen type I/III ratio revealed no significant differences. Conclusions: Our study affirms the theoretical consideration of a better microperfusion of the bowel wall following an antimesenterial enterotomy and demonstrates that enterotomy is not inferior compared to circular anastomosis. Even though enterotomy is a rarely used surgical technique, it should be regarded as a possible alternative in particular situations.Journal of Investigative Surgery 12/2012; DOI:10.3109/08941939.2012.692759 · 1.19 Impact Factor
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 01/2008; 24(4). DOI:10.3393/jksc.2008.24.4.287
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ABSTRACT: Many different techniques of colorectal anastomosis have been described in search of the technique with the lowest incidence of anastomotic leak. A systematic review of leak rates of techniques of hand-sewn colorectal anastomosis was conducted to provide a guideline for surgical residents and promote standardization of its technique. Clinical and experimental articles on colorectal anastomotic techniques and anastomotic healing published in the past 4 decades were searched. We included evidence on suture material, suture format, single- vs double-layer sutures, interrupted vs continuous sutures, hand-sewn vs stapled and compression colorectal anastomosis, and anastomotic configuration. In total, 3 meta-analyses, 26 randomized controlled trials, 11 nonrandomized comparative studies, 20 cohort studies, and 57 experimental studies were found. Results show that, for many aspects of the hand-sewn colorectal anastomosis technique, evidence is lacking. A single-layer continuous technique using inverting sutures with slowly absorbable monofilament material seems preferable. However, in contrast to stapled and compression colorectal anastomoses, the technique for hand-sewn colorectal anastomoses is nonstandardized with regard to intersuture distance, suture distance to the anastomotic edge, and tension on the suture. We believe detailed documentation of the anastomotic technique of all colorectal operations is needed to determine the role of the hand-sewn colorectal anastomosis.JAMA SURGERY 02/2013; 148(2):190-201. DOI:10.1001/2013.jamasurg.33 · 4.30 Impact Factor