Different outcome of allogeneic transplantation in myelofibrosis using conventional or reduced-intensity conditioning regimens.
ABSTRACT Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment of myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM). Previous reports have indicated significant treatment-related mortality (TRM) for patients transplanted after myeloablative conditioning but superior survival has been reported after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). We report the results of a survey of all allogeneic transplantations for MMM performed in Sweden at six transplant units between 1982 and 2004. Twenty-seven patients were transplanted; 17 with a myeloablative conditioning regimen and 10 with RIC. The median age was 50 years (5-63 years) at transplantation. After a median follow up of 55 months, 20 patients are alive. TRM was 10% in the RIC group and 30% in the myeloablative group. There was no difference in survival for high or low-risk patients according to Cervantes score or between sibling and unrelated donor transplantations.
- SourceAvailable from: Markus Ditschkowski[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Myelofibrosis, either de novo or following pre-existing hematologic diseases, can be cured by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT), but SCT is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, making the choice and timing of transplantation difficult. In all, 20 patients (seven female and 13 male), with a median age of 45 years (range 22-57 years), with idiopathic myelofibrosis (n = 12), post-thrombocythemic (n = 3) or post-polycythemic (n = 2) myeloid metaplasia or leukemic transformation (n = 3), underwent allogeneic SCT at our center between 1994 and 2003. With regard to the pre-transplant presence of risk factors such as hemoglobin levels < or =10 mg/dl, grade III marrow fibrosis or peripheral blast counts >1%, patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups. The estimated 3-year survival post transplant was 38.5% for all patients. The 3-year probability of survival within the high-risk group (n = 11) characterized by the presence of at least two risk factors was 16%. Low-risk patients (n = 9) with at most one risk factor had an estimated 3-year survival of 67%. Thus, previously defined risk determinants for the outcome of allogeneic transplantation for myelofibrosis may provide useful information facilitating treatment strategies. Our data suggest that transplantation should be taken into consideration before poor prognostic variables develop.Bone Marrow Transplantation 11/2004; 34(9):807-13. · 3.54 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Clinical Pathology 08/1971; 56(1):24-31. · 2.88 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A total of 21 patients with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM), with a median age of 54 years (range, 27-68 years), were prepared with a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen. The patients received an allogeneic marrow (n = 3) or peripheral blood stem-cell (n = 18) transplant from HLA-matched related (n = 18) or unrelated (n = 2), or 1 Ag-mismatched related (n = 1), donors. RIC regimens included fludarabine/total body irradiation 200 cGy (n = 5) or 450 cGy (n = 1), fludarabine/melphalan (n = 7), thiotepa/cyclophosphamide (n = 7), and thiotepa/fludarabine (n = 1). At the time of transplantation, all of the patients were at intermediate (n = 13) or high (n = 8) risk, according to the Dupriez classification. Of the patients, 19 had grade III or IV marrow fibrosis. All of the patients achieved full engraftment but one. Posttransplantation chimerism analysis showed more than 95% donor cells in 18 patients, while 2 patients achieved complete donor chimerism after donor leukocyte infusion (DLI). Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV was observed in 7 patients, grades III to IV in 2, and extensive chronic GVHD in 8 of 18 evaluable patients. There were 3 patients who died from acute GVHD, infection, and relapse. There are 18 patients alive 12 to 122 months (median, 31 months) after transplantation, and 17 are in remission (1 after a second transplantation). The use of RIC regimens in allogeneic stem cell transplantation results in prolonged survival in intermediate/high-risk MMM patients.Blood 06/2005; 105(10):4115-9. · 9.06 Impact Factor