Collagenase and surgical disease.
ABSTRACT Collagen types I, II, and III are the most abundant extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Collagenase is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of enzymes, and is the principal enzyme involved with collagen degradation. Cellular-ECM interactions are vitally important to tissue structure and function. In this review, we summarize recent work that highlights the role of collagenase in ECM remodeling and repair, and further report that alterations of collagenase expression, function, and/or regulation are found in many diverse disease states, including aortic aneurysms, tumor invasiveness and their metastases, and hernias. Collagenase is intimately involved in many surgical diseases, and represents a potential target for therapy.
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ABSTRACT: For more than two decades, the view that tumour-associated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were required for peritumour tissue degradation and metastasis dominated the drive to develop MMP inhibitors as anticancer therapeutics. Until recently, clinical trials with MMP inhibitors have yielded disappointing results, highlighting the need for better insight into the mechanisms by which this growing family of multifunctional enzymes contribute to tumour growth. It is now recognized that MMP activity is tightly regulated at several levels, providing new avenues for blocking these enzymes. What are the different approaches that can be used to target MMPs, and which of these might lead to new therapeutic strategies for cancer?Nature reviews. Cancer 10/2002; 2(9):657-72. · 35.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tumor progression is a complex, multistage process by which a normal cell undergoes genetic changes that result in phenotypic alterations and the acquisition of the ability to spread and colonize distant sites in the body. Although many factors regulate malignant tumor growth and spread, interactions between a tumor and its surrounding microenvironment result in the production of important protein products that are crucial to each step of tumor progression. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of degradative enzymes with clear links to malignancy. These enzymes are associated with tumor cell invasion of the basement membrane and stroma, blood vessel penetration, and metastasis. They have more recently been implicated in primary and metastatic tumor growth and angiogenesis, and they may even have a role in tumor promotion. This review outlines our current understanding of the MMP family, including the association of particular MMPs with malignant phenotypes and the role of MMPs in specific steps of the metastatic cascade. As scientific understanding of the MMPs has advanced, therapeutic strategies that capitalize on blocking the enzymes have rapidly developed. The preclinical and clinical evolution of the synthetic MMP inhibitors (MMPIs) is also examined, with the discussion encompassing important methodologic issues associated with determining clinical efficacy of MMPIs and other novel therapeutic agents.Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2000; 18(5):1135-49. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck are malignant tumors with high capacity to invade and metastasize. We have examined expression of the new collagenase, collagenase-3 (MMP-13), in SCCs of the head and neck. MMP-13 mRNAs were detected in 22 of 29 SCC cell lines: in 14 of 15 primary SCC cell lines and in 8 of 14 SCC cell lines from recurrent tumors or metastases. MMP-13 mRNAs were expressed by all 6 cell lines from highly invasive primary tumors and in all 4 cell lines from small aggressive tumors. Using in situ hybridization, MMP-13 mRNAs were detected in 15 of 17 SCC tumor samples. In most tumors, MMP-13 was expressed by tumor cells at the invading front of the tumors, but in a subset of SCCs, MMP-13 mRNA was also expressed by stromal fibroblasts. No MMP-13 expression was detected in intact skin or oral mucosa. MMP-13 mRNA levels in SCC cells were enhanced by transforming growth factor-beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-alpha, and keratinocyte growth factor. Specific expression of MMP-13 by SCC cells in vitro and in vivo strongly suggests a role for MMP-13 in the high invasion capacity of SCC cells.American Journal Of Pathology 09/1997; 151(2):499-508. · 4.52 Impact Factor