MR staging of endometrial carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Endometrial cancer is the second most common gynaecological malignancy. The usual presentation with post-menopausal bleeding results in an early diagnosis in most cases and thus there is opportunity for cure. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is pivotal in the decision-making process regarding treatment options. We present a review of the magnetic resonance (MR) findings to illustrate its role in the staging of endometrial cancer.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose was to evaluate the accuracy of multidetector CT (MDCT) on a 16-row CT scanner in local staging of endometrial carcinoma and more specifically in the assessment of the depth of myometrial invasion and presence of cervical infiltration. This prospective study includes 21 women with newly diagnosed endometrial carcinoma. All CT examinations were performed on a 16-row CT scanner, and the protocol included scanning of the abdomen after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast material, during the portal phase, using a detector collimation of 16 x 0.75 mm and a pitch of 1.2. Sagittal, parasagittal and oblique reformatted images were evaluated for the depth of myometrial invasion, whether superficial or deep, and the presence of cervical infiltration. Imaging findings were correlated with the histopathologic results. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MDCT in evaluating myometrial invasion were 100%, 80% and 95%, respectively, and for assessing cervical infiltration were 78%, 83% and 81%, respectively. In conclusion, MDCT on a 16-row CT scanner proved accurate in local staging of endometrial carcinoma.European Radiology 06/2008; 18(5):1043-8. · 3.22 Impact Factor
Article: Myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer: diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted MR imaging at 1.5-T.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the preoperative assessment of myometrial invasion by endometrial cancer. In this prospective study, 47 patients with histologically confirmed endometrial cancer underwent preoperative MR imaging and total hysterectomy. The MR protocol included spin-echo multishot T2-weighted, dynamic T1-weighted and DW images acquired with b-values of 0 and 500 s/mm(2). Myometrial tumour spread was classified as superficial (<50%) or deep (> or =50% myometrial thickness). Postoperative histopathological findings served as a reference standard. Indices of diagnostic performance were assessed for each sequence. At histopathological examination, superficial myometrial invasion was found in 34 patients and deep myometrial invasion in 13. In the assessment of tumour invasion, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of T2-weighted images were 92.3%, 76.5%, 60.0% and 96.3%, respectively. The corresponding values for dynamic images were 69.2%, 61.8%, 40.9% and 84.0%, and for DW images 84.6%, 70.6%, 52.4% and 92.3%. T2-weighted and DW imaging proved to be the most accurate techniques for tumour spread determination. DW imaging proved to be accurate in assessing myometrial invasion, and it could replace dynamic imaging as an adjunct to routine T2-weighted imaging for preoperative evaluation of endometrial cancer.European Radiology 09/2009; 20(3):754-62. · 3.22 Impact Factor
Article: Endometrial cancer: correlation of apparent diffusion coefficient with tumor grade, depth of myometrial invasion, and presence of lymph node metastases.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to investigate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of endometrial cancer differ from those of normal endometrium and myometrium and whether they vary according to histologic tumor grade, the depth of myometrial invasion, or lymph node status. Seventy patients with histologically proved endometrial cancer and 36 control subjects with normal endometrium were enrolled in this prospective study. T2-weighted, dynamic T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted images with b values of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2) were obtained of all patients. The ADC values of endometrial cancer, normal endometrium, and normal myometrium were recorded. Tumor grade, the depth of myometrial invasion, and lymph node status were assessed at postoperative histopathologic analysis. The mean (± SD) ADC value (10(-3) mm(2)/s) of endometrial cancer (0.77 ± 0.12) was significantly lower than that of normal endometrium (1.31 ± 0.11, p < 0.0001) and normal myometrium (1.52 ± 0.21, p < 0.0001), with no overlap between the two former distributions. There was no significant difference between ADC values of endometrial cancer tissue in patients with tumor grade 1 (0.79 ± 0.08, n = 14), grade 2 (0.76 ± 0.14, n = 40), or grade 3 (0.75 ± 0.12, n = 16) (p = 0.67); in patients with deep (0.77 ± 0.13, n = 18) and those with superficial (0.76 ± 0.12, n = 52) myometrial invasion (p = 0.87); and in patients with (0.78 ± 0.10, n = 6) and those without (0.75 ± 0.14, n = 39) lymph node metastases (p = 0.64). ADC values allow normal endometrium to be differentiated from endometrial carcinoma; however, they do not correlate with histologic tumor grade, the depth of myometrial invasion, or whether lymph node metastases are present.American Journal of Roentgenology 07/2011; 197(1):256-62. · 2.78 Impact Factor