Renal artery pseudoaneurysm of infectious etiology: a life-threatening complication after renal transplantation.
London Health Sciences Center, London, Ontario, Canada.Urology (Impact Factor: 2.42). 10/2006; 68(3):668-9. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2006.04.017
Article: Renal pseudoaneurysm: an overview.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Renal pseudoaneurysm is a rare vascular lesion that arises when an arterial injury within the kidney leads to contained hemorrhage. The associated hematoma forms outside the arterial wall and is typically surrounded by a layer of fibrous inflammatory tissue and blood clot. These lesions are unstable and their rupture can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. Renal pseudoaneurysm has been reported to occur in various clinical scenarios, including after renal trauma, surgery and percutaneous procedures, as well as inflammatory and neoplastic processes within the kidney. Endovascular selective angioembolization is the mainstay of treatment, although surgery might be indicated when hemostasis and repair of the arterial wall defect are required. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided embolization is an additional option for patients with unfavorable vascular anatomy, or who cannot tolerate or have contraindications to the use of intravenous contrast agents. Some evidence suggests that these lesions can regress without intervention, although observation alone is not recommended as a management strategy in the vast majority of patients owing to the high risk of rupture. Evaluation and management of patients with renal pseudoaneurysm must take into account each individual's circumstances, due to the difficulty of accurately predicting the probability of spontaneous resolution or rupture.Nature Reviews Urology 10/2010; 7(11):619-25. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This is a case report of a 59 years old male who had a commercial non-related living renal transplantation for his end stage renal insufficiency secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease. He suffered an immediate and early post-operative bleeding, which was managed conservatively. He was presented at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital four months after his transplant with abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite and a rise in serum creatinine levels. Ultrasonography and angiography have shown a 4 cm false aneurysm of the transplant renal artery at the anastomotic site with the external iliac artery. Surgical exploration with resection of the false aneurysm and reanastomosis of the donor renal artery to the external iliac artery was carried out successfully with preservation of the renal allograft. This is a rare case of an extra-renal false aneurysm at the anastomotic site of the transplant renal artery to the external iliac artery four months after renal allotransplantation. Literature review on the management and outcome of false aneurysms after renal transplant was carried out.Oman medical journal. 10/2010; 25(4):306-10.
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ABSTRACT: Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Vascular complications in renal transplantation are not uncommon and may often lead to allograft loss. The most common vascular complications are transplant renal artery stenosis, transplant renal artery thrombosis, transplant renal vein thrombosis, biopsy-induced vascular injuries, pseudoaneurysm formation, and hematomas. Transplant renal artery and vein thrombosis have an early onset and a dramatic clinical manifestation and usually lead to allograft loss. In contrast, transplant renal artery stenosis has better treatment possibilities, whereas the rest do not occur so often. In our institution, 1367 renal transplantations were performed from September 1980 to April 2005. During this period, we encountered 38 major vascular complications leading to graft loss and 19 transplant renal artery stenoses with successful treatment in the majority of cases. According to these data, we can conclude that renal transplantation is a safe therapeutic procedure for renal failure.Transplantation Proceedings 07/2009; 41(5):1609-14. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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