A Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Study on Dengue among Selected Rural Communities in the Kuala Kangsar District

Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 1.46). 02/2003; 15(1):37-43. DOI: 10.1177/101053950301500107
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practices concerning dengue and its vector Aedes mosquito among selected rural communities in the Kuala Kangsar district from 16-25th June, 2002. It was found that the knowledge of the community was good. Out of the 200 respondents, 82.0% cited that their main source of information on dengue was from television/radio. The respondents' attitude was found to be good and most of them were supportive of Aedes control measures. There is a significant association found between knowledge of dengue and attitude towards Aedes control (p = 0.047). It was also found that good knowledge does not necessarily lead to good practice. This is most likely due to certain practices like water storage for domestic use, which is deeply ingrained in the community. Mass media is an important means of conveying health messages to the public even among the rural population, thus research and development of educational strategies designed to improve behaviour and practice of effective control measures among the villagers are recommended.

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    • "The sources of information about dengue fever prevention and control that achieved the highest levels of coverage among the residents in the capital city of Laos included mass media, such as television and radio. Large television or radio campaigns have achieved high levels of coverage in many countries, such as Malaysia [24], Thailand [7] [20] and Jamaica [25]. There might be direct link between knowledge and preventive behavior, but dengue vector breeding site control measures are probably only used by people who are experienced with mosquito nuisance problems [26]. "
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    ABSTRACT: This research aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors (KAP) of adults in relation to dengue vector control measures in the communities of Vientiane, the capital of the Lao PDR. A total of 207 respondents were actively participating in this cross-sectional descriptive study in 2011. Representatives of households were interviewed face-to-face by six trained interviewers using a structured questionnaire. KAP reliabilities of 0.89, 0.91 and 0.95 were reported in the pilot sample of 30 cases. The associations between each independent variable and prevention behavior were tested with chi-square tests. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the factors that were significantly associated with preventive behavior while controlling for the other variables. The results revealed that 51.69% of the respondents had a high level of knowledge. More than 94% of the respondents knew that dengue fever is a dangerous communicable disease and that dengue fever is transmitted from person to person via mosquitoes. More than half (56.52%) of the participants had positive attitudes toward vector control measures, and 52.17% exhibited a high level of preventive behavior in terms of dengue vector control measures. Preventive behaviors were significantly associated with information provided from sources that included health personnel (p=0.038) and heads of villages (p=0.031) and with knowledge levels (p<0.001). This study suggests that proactive health education through appropriated mass media and community clean-up campaigns should strengthen and encourage community participation, particularly in terms of addressing mosquito larvae in overlooked places, such as the participants' own homes, for example, in flower vases and ant traps. Copyright © 2015 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Infection and Public Health 04/2015; 8(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jiph.2015.03.005
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    • "Unfortunately, in the rural communities, there is still a good number of people who do not know about the mode of infection of dengue and even if the victim is aware. However, there is no correlation between his knowledge and his preventive practices (Yboa & Labrague, 2013; Hairi,, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper attempts to develop a simulation model that would predict the spread of infection of dengue cases in the countryside specifically in Samar, Philippines based on the given number of assumptions and random data. The study used an experimental design using simulation modeling. Assumptions were formulated to measure different variables. Findings revealed that transmission of dengue from one victim to other people proliferates when the probability of exposure to dengue is high and if there is minimal intervention program for the spread of dengue cases.
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    • "Lack of personal responsibility was found to be problematic in dengue control in many countries such as Thailand [22], Malaysia [23] and Puerto Rico [24]; and this was also the case in Pakse City of Laos where 22% of the study participants held the government solely accountable [5]. In our current study, although the majority of participants believed that dengue is a severe, yet preventable disease; one-third of them do not think they are at least partly responsible for dengue control. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Dengue remains an important cause of morbidity in Laos. Good knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among the public regarding dengue prevention are required for the success of disease control. Very little is known about dengue KAP among the Lao general population. Methods This was a KAP household survey on dengue conducted in a peri-urban Pak-Ngum district of Vientiane capital, Laos. A two-stage cluster sampling method was used to select a sample of participants to represent the general community. Participants from 231 households were surveyed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Results Although 97% of the participants heard of dengue, there was a lack of depth of knowledge on dengue: 33% of them did not know that malaria and dengue were different diseases, 32% incorrectly believed that Aedes mosquito transmits malaria, 36% could not correctly report that Aedes mosquitoes bite most frequently at sunrise and sunset; and < 10% of them recognized that indoor water containers could be Aedes mosquito breeding sites. Attitude levels were moderately good with a high proportion (96%) of participants recognizing that dengue was a severe yet preventable disease. Self reported prevention methods were quite high yet observation of the participants’ yards showed use of prevention methods to be only moderate. The majority (93%) of the interviewees did not believe that they had enough information on dengue. There was an association between good knowledge and better practices, but good knowledge was associated with worse attitudes. Conclusions There is a lack of depth of knowledge regarding dengue in Pak-Ngum community and observation methods revealed that more needs to be done by community members themselves to prevent the spread of Aedes mosquitoes.
    BMC Public Health 05/2013; 13(1):434. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-434 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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