A knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) study on dengue among selected rural communities in the Kuala Kangsar district.
ABSTRACT A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practices concerning dengue and its vector Aedes mosquito among selected rural communities in the Kuala Kangsar district from 16-25th June, 2002. It was found that the knowledge of the community was good. Out of the 200 respondents, 82.0% cited that their main source of information on dengue was from television/radio. The respondents' attitude was found to be good and most of them were supportive of Aedes control measures. There is a significant association found between knowledge of dengue and attitude towards Aedes control (p = 0.047). It was also found that good knowledge does not necessarily lead to good practice. This is most likely due to certain practices like water storage for domestic use, which is deeply ingrained in the community. Mass media is an important means of conveying health messages to the public even among the rural population, thus research and development of educational strategies designed to improve behaviour and practice of effective control measures among the villagers are recommended.
- SourceAvailable from: Shih-Min Wang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Primary physicians and nurses serve as the first-line health care providers of dengue virus infection diagnosis, notification, and treatment. Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) among primary healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding dengue diseases may pace alarm and improve the outcome of dengue control. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a structured quiz in 264 HCPs (response rate, 76%) was conducted in Tainan City in southern Taiwan. The quiz consisted of 10 questions regarding the control measures, notification, and clinical practices of dengue diseases. Scores of KAP and demographic characteristics of HCPs were analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-four physicians and 130 nurses comprise the 264 HCP responders. Forty-three physicians (32%) and 80 nurses (61.5%) were practicing in medical centers, and they scored higher than nonmedical center peers on quizzes on notification (1.18 vs. 0.93 points, p < 0.01) but lower on control measures (3.52 vs. 3.22 points, p < 0.01). Fifty-seven physicians (42.5%) were experienced in reporting suspected dengue cases, and 13.1% of nurses had reported dengue cases. Three-fourths of HCPs failed to respond to the timing of dengue case notification, whereas nurses scored higher than physicians (0.34 vs. 0.16, p < 0.01). In addition, 57.2% of the HCPs failed to respond correctly to the timing of typical skin rashes occurring in the patients with dengue. More than half of the HCPs considered Taiwan an endemic area of dengue diseases. CONCLUSION: This pilot study showed a lack of acquaintance with notification timing and important clinical features of dengue among HCPs in southern Taiwan. Future continued medical/nursing education should place more emphasis on these factors to improve dengue control in this demographic area.Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 01/2013; 112(1):18-23. · 1.00 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dengue remains an important cause of morbidity in Laos. Good knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among the public regarding dengue prevention are required for the success of disease control. Very little is known about dengue KAP among the Lao general population. METHODS: This was a KAP household survey on dengue conducted in a peri-urban Pak-Ngum district of Vientiane capital, Laos. A two-stage cluster sampling method was used to select a sample of participants to represent the general community. Participants from 231 households were surveyed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Although 97% of the participants heard of dengue, there was a lack of depth of knowledge on dengue: 33% of them did not know that malaria and dengue were different diseases, 32% incorrectly believed that Aedes mosquito transmits malaria, 36% could not correctly report that Aedes mosquitoes bite most frequently at sunrise and sunset; and < 10% of them recognized that indoor water containers could be Aedes mosquito breeding sites. Attitude levels were moderately good with a high proportion (96%) of participants recognizing that dengue was a severe yet preventable disease. Self reported prevention methods were quite high yet observation of the participants' yards showed use of prevention methods to be only moderate. The majority (93%) of the interviewees did not believe that they had enough information on dengue. There was an association between good knowledge and better practices, but good knowledge was associated with worse attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of depth of knowledge regarding dengue in Pak-Ngum community and observation methods revealed that more needs to be done by community members themselves to prevent the spread of Aedes mosquitoes.BMC Public Health 05/2013; 13(1):434. · 2.08 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Demographic, economic and behavioural factors are central features underpinning the successful management and biological control of dengue. This study aimed to examine these factors and their association with the seroprevalence of this disease.PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 05/2014; 8(5):e2789.