Can Vero cell co-culture improve in-vitro maturation of bovine oocytes?
ABSTRACT This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Vero cell co-culture on developmental competence of immature oocytes. Bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were matured in presence or absence of Vero cells. Matured oocytes were inseminated and cultured for up to 9 days. Cleavage percentages were recorded on day 2 after insemination and embryos were evaluated on a daily basis. Expanding/expanded and hatching/hatched blastocysts were used for cell number assay. Results indicated a significantly greater cleavage percentage in oocytes matured in presence of Vero cells than control (86% versus 76%, P < or = 0.05). The percentages of advanced embryos appear to be greater on a daily basis in COC matured in presence of Vero cells compared with control. However, these differences were not significant. Blastocysts derived from COC matured in the presence of Vero cells had a significantly higher (P < or = 0.05) number of inner cell mass, trophectoderm and total cell number in expanding/expanded (65.25, 224.5 and 289.7 respectively) and hatching/hatched (67.75, 289.75 and 357.5) embryos in comparison to the control (42, 203.5, 245.5 and 51.3, 265, 316.3 respectively). Results confirm that co-culture of bovine COC during in-vitro maturation, enhances their ability for cleavage and for producing blastocysts with higher quality.
Article: Epigenetic modification does not determine the time of POU5F1 transcription activation in cloned bovine embryos.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of epigenetic modification on pattern, time and capacity of transcription activation of POU5F1, the key marker of pluripotency, in cloned bovine embryos. Bovine fibroblasts were stably transfected with POU5F1 promoter-driven enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). This provided a visible marker to investigate the effect of post-activation treatment of cloned bovine embryos with trichostatin A (TSA) on time and capacity of POU5F1 expression and its subsequent effect on in vitro development of cloned bovine embryos. Irrespective of TSA treatment, POU5F1 expression was not detected until 8-16 cell stage, but was detected in both inner cell mass and trophectoderm at the blastocyst stage. TSA treatment significantly increased POU5F1 expression, and the yield and quality of cloned embryo development compared to control. The POU5F1 expression of cloned embryos is strictly controlled by the stage of embryo development and may not be altered by TSA-mediated changes occur in DNA-methylation and histone-acetylation of the genome.Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 11/2011; 28(11):1119-27. · 1.84 Impact Factor