Investigation of the excited state structure of DCM via ultrafast electronic pump/vibrational probe
ABSTRACT Time resolved visible pump, infrared probe transient absorption measurements of the solutes 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-(dimethylamino)styryl)-4H-pyran (DCM) and its isotopomer DCM-d6 are employed to probe the dynamics of charge transfer state formation in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and acetonitrile (MeCN). We observe a two stage charge transfer (CT): the first step is an instrument-response-limited charge separation to the dicyanomethylene group, and the second involves a structural evolution of the dimethylamino group. Theoretical calculations and isotopic substitution indicate that the observed vibration is due to the dimethylamino group twisting out of plane, stabilizing the charge separation.
SourceAvailable from: Tom Oliver[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Multidimensional nonlinear spectroscopy, in the electronic and vibrational regimes, has reached maturity. To date, no experimental technique has combined the advantages of 2D electronic spectroscopy and 2D infrared spectroscopy, monitoring the evolution of the electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom simultaneously. The interplay and coupling between the electronic state and vibrational manifold is fundamental to understanding ensuing nonradiative pathways, especially those that involve conical intersections. We have developed a new experimental technique that is capable of correlating the electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom: 2D electronic-vibrational spectroscopy (2D-EV). We apply this new technique to the study of the 4-(di-cyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-p-(dimethylamino)styryl-4H-pyran (DCM) laser dye in deuterated dimethyl sulfoxide and its excited state relaxation pathways. From 2D-EV spectra, we elucidate a ballistic mechanism on the excited state potential energy surface whereby molecules are almost instantaneously projected uphill in energy toward a transition state between locally excited and charge-transfer states, as evidenced by a rapid blue shift on the electronic axis of our 2D-EV spectra. The change in minimum energy structure in this excited state nonradiative crossing is evident as the central frequency of a specific vibrational mode changes on a many-picoseconds timescale. The underlying electronic dynamics, which occur on the hundreds of femtoseconds timescale, drive the far slower ensuing nuclear motions on the excited state potential surface, and serve as a excellent illustration for the unprecedented detail that 2D-EV will afford to photochemical reaction dynamics.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/2014; 111(28). DOI:10.1073/pnas.1409207111 · 9.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Little is known about the reorganization capacity of water molecules at the active sites of enzymes and how this couples to the catalytic reaction. Here, we study the dynamics of water molecules at the active site of a highly proficient enzyme, Δ(5)-3-ketosteroid isomerase (KSI), during a light-activated mimic of its catalytic cycle. Photoexcitation of a nitrile-containing photoacid, coumarin183 (C183), mimics the change in charge density that occurs at the active site of KSI during the first step of the catalytic reaction. The nitrile of C183 is exposed to water when bound to the KSI active site, and we used time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy as a site-specific probe to study the solvation dynamics of water molecules in the vicinity of the nitrile. We observed that water molecules at the active site of KSI are highly rigid, during the light-activated catalytic cycle, compared to the solvation dynamics observed in bulk water. On the basis of this result, we hypothesize that rigid water dipoles at the active site might help in the maintenance of the preorganized electrostatic environment required for efficient catalysis. The results also demonstrate the utility of nitrile probes in measuring the dynamics of local (H-bonded) water molecules in contrast to the commonly used fluorescence methods which measure the average behavior of primary and subsequent spheres of solvation.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 08/2012; 116(37):11414-21. DOI:10.1021/jp305225r · 3.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this work, the time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) method was used to study the electronic excited-state dynamics of the hydrogen-bonded p-Cresol–NH3–H2O complex. The intermolecular hydrogen bonds O1–H1···N and C–O1···H2 were demonstrated by the optimized geometric structure of the hydrogen-bonded p-Cresol–NH3–H2O complex. The infrared spectra (IR spectra) of the hydrogen-bonded p-Cresol–NH3–H2O complex in the ground and excited states were also calculated by using the density functional theory (DFT) and TD-DFT methods. It is demonstrated that hydrogen bond O1–H1···N can be strengthened while hydrogen bond C–O1···H2 is weakened upon photoexcitation to the S1 state. The significant changes of the hydrogen bond from the calculated bond lengths in different electronic states can be observed. In addition, the spectral shifts of the stretching vibrational mode of the hydrogen-bonded O–H group in different electronic states are accounted for the hydrogen bond changes in the S1 state too.Journal of Cluster Science 12/2012; 23(4). DOI:10.1007/s10876-012-0491-x · 1.36 Impact Factor