Caged substrates applied to high content screening: an introduction with an eye to the future.

Genospectra, Inc., Fremont, CA, USA.
Methods in Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 1.29). 02/2007; 356:253-65.
Source: PubMed


The use of photoremovable protecting groups in biology affords the end user high temporal, spatial, and concentration control of reagents and substrates. High content screening and other large-scale biology applications would benefit greatly from these advantages. Herein, we report progress in this field by highlighting the recent development of controllable siRNA (csiRNA), which is a dormant siRNA that can be activated using 365 nm light. Two different experimental designs are described to highlight the temporal and concentration variables that can be controlled. First, the RNAi process is activated at two timepoints, 24- and 48-h post-transfection, to demonstrate that the action of csiRNA does not begin until activated. Second, increasing light dosage exposure to cells transfected with csiRNA that controls the concentration of active siRNA molecules. All experiments are conducted in a 96-well format with light delivered through the UCOM device.

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Available from: Richard S. Givens, Mar 03, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Most applications of photoremovable protecting groups have used o-nitrobenzyl compounds and their (often commercially available) derivatives that, however, have several disadvantages. The focus of this review is on applications of the more recently developed title compounds, which are especially well suited for time-resolved biochemical and physiological investigations, because they release the caged substrates in high yield within a few nanoseconds or less. Together, these two chromophores cover the action spectrum for photorelease from >700 nm to 250 nm.
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