IgA Fc receptor I signals apoptosis through the FcRgamma ITAM and affects tumor growth.
ABSTRACT The IgA Fc receptor (FcalphaRI) has dual proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory functions that are transmitted through the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) of the associated FcRgamma subunit. Whereas the involvement of FcalphaRI in inflammation is well documented, little is known of its anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Here we show that monomeric targeting of FcalphaRI by anti-FcalphaRI Fab or serum IgA triggers apoptosis in human monocytes, monocytic cell lines, and FcalphaRI+ transfectants. However, the physiologic ligand IgA induced apoptosis only when cells were cultured in low serum conditions, indicating differences with induction of anti-inflammatory signaling. Apoptosis signaling required the FcRgamma ITAM, as cells transfected with FcalphaRI or with a chimeric FcalphaRI-FcRgamma responded to death-activating signals, whereas cells expressing a mutated FcalphaRI(R209L) unable to associate with FcRgamma, or an ITAM-mutated chimeric FcalphaRI-FcRgamma, did not respond. FcalphaRI-mediated apoptosis signals were blocked by treatment with the pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk, involved proteolysis of procaspase-3, and correlated negatively with SHP-1 concentration. Anti-FcalphaRI Fab treatment of nude mice injected subcutaneously with FcalphaRI+ mast-cell transfectants prevented tumor development and halted the growth of established tumors. These findings demonstrate that, on monomeric targeting, FcalphaRI functions as an FcRgamma ITAM-dependent apoptotic module that may be fundamental for controlling inflammation and tumor growth.
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ABSTRACT: Francisella tularensis is a facultative intracellular, gram-negative bacterium that induces apoptosis in macrophages and B cells. Here we show apoptotic pathways that are activated in the Ramos human B cell line in the course of F. tularensis infection. Live bacteria F. tularensis FSC200 activate caspases 8, 9 and 3, as well as Bid; release cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor from mitochondria; and induce depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential in the Ramos cell line, thus leading these cells to apoptosis. Unlike live bacteria, killed F. tularensis FSC200 bacteria activated only caspase 3, and did not cause apoptosis of Ramos cells as measured by annexin V. Killed bacteria also caused accumulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bclx(L) in mitochondrial membranes. Thus, live F. tularensis activates both caspase pathways (receptor-mediated and intrinsic) as well as caspase-independent mitochondrial death.Microbial Pathogenesis 11/2010; 49(5):226-36. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: IgA plays ambivalent roles in the immune system. The balance between inhibitory and activating responses relies on the multimerization status of IgA and interaction with their cognate receptors. In mucosal sites, secretory IgA (SIgA) protects the host through immune-exclusion mechanisms, but its function in the bloodstream remains unknown. Using bone marrow-derived dendritic cells, we found that both human and mouse SIgA induce tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) following binding to specific ICAM-3 grabbing nonintegrin receptor 1. This interaction was dependent on Ca(2+) and mannose residues. SIgA-primed DCs (SIgA-DCs) are resistant to TLR-dependent maturation. Although SIgA-DCs fail to induce efficient proliferation and Th1 differentiation of naive responder T cells, they generate the expansion of regulatory T cells through IL-10 production. SIgA-DCs are highly potent in inhibiting autoimmune responses in mouse models of type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis. This discovery may offer new insights about mucosal-derived DC immunoregulation through SIgA opening new therapeutic approaches to autoimmune diseases.The Journal of Immunology 08/2013; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adriamycin (ADR) nephrosis in mice has been extensively studied and has enabled a greater understanding of the processes underlying the progression of renal injury. Dendrin is a novel component of the slit diaphragm with proapoptotic signaling properties, and it accumulates in the podocyte nucleus in response to glomerular injury in mice. The present study re-evaluated chronic progressive nephropathy in ADR mice and the localization of dendrin in mice and in human glomerulopathy. To investigate the localization of dendrin, a mouse model of nephrosis and glomerulosclerosis was used, in which ADR was injected once. WT-1-positive cells and apoptotic cells were counted in vivo and in vitro. To check the expression of dendrin in ADR mice, immunostaining and Western blot were performed. A survey of dendrin staining was performed on human kidney biopsy specimens. The injection of ADR induced proteinuria, podocyte loss and glomerulosclerosis. It also caused the relocation of dendrin from the slit diaphragm to the podocyte nucleus. We demonstrated the location of dendrin to podocyte nuclei in several cases of human glomerulopathy. The mean occurrence of dendrin-positive nucleus per glomerulus increased in several cases of human glomerulopathy. These findings suggest that the relocation of dendrin to the podocyte nuclei is useful as a novel marker of podocyte injury in human glomerulopathy.American Journal of Nephrology 01/2011; 33(6):537-49. · 2.62 Impact Factor