Article

Global analysis of hematopoietic and vascular endothelial gene expression by tissue specific microarray profiling in zebrafish

Program in Gene Function and Expression, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Lazare Research Building, Room 617, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
Developmental Biology (Impact Factor: 3.64). 12/2006; 299(2):551-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.08.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this study, we utilize fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) of cells from transgenic zebrafish coupled with microarray analysis to globally analyze expression of cell type specific genes. We find that it is possible to isolate cell populations from Tg(fli1:egfp)(y1) zebrafish embryos that are enriched in vascular, hematopoietic and pharyngeal arch cell types. Microarray analysis of GFP+ versus GFP- cells isolated from Tg(fli1:egfp)(y1) embryos identifies genes expressed in hematopoietic, vascular and pharyngeal arch tissue, consistent with the expression of the fli1:egfp transgene in these cell types. Comparison of expression profiles from GFP+ cells isolated from embryos at two different time points reveals that genes expressed in different fli1+ cell types display distinct temporal expression profiles. We also demonstrate the utility of this approach for gene discovery by identifying numerous previously uncharacterized genes that we find are expressed in fli1:egfp-positive cells, including new markers of blood, endothelial and pharyngeal arch cell types. In parallel, we have developed a database to allow easy access to both our microarray and in situ results. Our results demonstrate that this is a robust approach for identification of cell type specific genes as well as for global analysis of cell type specific gene expression in zebrafish embryos.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Julio D Amigo, Aug 08, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
98 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of nitric oxide on tumor development, we established a rat tumor xenograft model in zebrafish embryos. The injected tumor cells formed masses in which nitric oxide production could be detected by the use of the cell-permeant DAF-FM-DA (diaminofluorophore 4-amino-5-methylamino-2'-7'-difluorofluorescein diacetate) and DAR-4M-AM (diaminorhodamine-4M). This method revealed that nitric oxide production could be co-localized with the tumor xenograft in 46% of the embryos. In 85% of these embryos, tumors were vascularized and blood vessels were observed on day 4 post injection. Furthermore, we demonstrated by qRT-PCR that the transplanted glioma cells highly expressed Nos2, Vegfa and Cyclin D1 mRNA. In the xenografted embryos we also found increased zebrafish vegfa expression. Glioma and zebrafish derived Vegfa and tumor Cyclin D1 expression could be down regulated by the nitric oxide scavenger 2-(4-Carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide or CPTIO. We conclude that even if there is a heterogeneous nitric oxide production by the xenografted glioma cells that impacts Vegfa and Cyclin D1 expression levels, our results suggest that reduction of nitric oxide levels by nitric oxide scavenging could be an efficient approach to treat glioma.
    PLoS ONE 03/2015; DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120435 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may cause a change of cellular redox state towards oxidative stress condition. This situation causes oxidation of molecules (lipid, DNA, protein) and leads to cell death. Oxidative stress also impacts the progression of several pathological conditions such as diabetes, retinopathies, neurodegeneration, and cancer. Thus, it is important to define tools to investigate oxidative stress conditions not only at the level of single cells but also in the context of whole organisms. Here, we consider the zebrafish embryo as a useful in vivo system to perform such studies and present a protocol to measure in vivo oxidative stress. Taking advantage of fluorescent ROS probes and zebrafish transgenic fluorescent lines, we develop two different methods to measure oxidative stress in vivo: i) a "whole embryo ROS-detection method" for qualitative measurement of oxidative stress and ii) a "single-cell ROS detection method" for quantitative measurements of oxidative stress. Herein, we demonstrate the efficacy of these procedures by increasing oxidative stress in tissues by oxidant agents and physiological or genetic methods. This protocol is amenable for forward genetic screens and it will help address cause-effect relationships of ROS in animal models of oxidative stress-related pathologies such as neurological disorders and cancer.
    Journal of Visualized Experiments 01/2014; DOI:10.3791/51328
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pathways by which pathogens invade Fenneropenaeus indicus, the potential colonization in various tissues and the disease transmission mechanisms are unclear. The aims of the present study were to visualize the colonization and pathogenesis of GFP-tagged Vibrio parahaemolyticus, in various tissues of F. indicus to evaluate the pathogen interaction. Among the three strains isolated, a virulent strain VpDAHV2 was tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP-VpDAHV2) and validated for both its growth characteristics and its virulence as a genuine model for F. indicus infection. VpDAHV2 was positive for toxR and tlh genes and negative for tdh genes. CLSM images revealed that maximum colonization was observed in the haemolymph of the F. indicus challenged with GFP-VpDAHV2. The haemolymph was the primary site for the colonization of GFP-VpDAHV2 in F. indicus. The enteric localization occurred independently of the flagellum or motility of GFP-VpDAHV2 through the intestinal route. The F. indicus infection model suggests that the haemolymph and the intestine represent the sites of infection by GFP-VpDAHV2, and hence are the active sites of pathogen interactions. GFP tagging of V. parahaemolyticus is a new and systemic approach to determine the presence of bacteria in vivo for the confirmation of host pathogen interactions in aquaculture studies.
    Aquaculture Research 03/2013; 45(12). DOI:10.1111/are.12147 · 1.32 Impact Factor