Workforce reentry for people with HIV/AIDS: intervention effects and predictors of success.
ABSTRACT Treatment that prolongs the lives of people with HIV/AIDS and improves their quality of life is relatively recent and little is known about factors that may predict their successful re-entry to the workforce. No data exist concerning the effectiveness of programs to assist people with HIV/AIDS in their efforts to return to work. We used logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier survival curves to predict return to work using data from 126 individuals who participated in an HIV/AIDS return to work program. Results from the 24 month follow-up revealed that program participation, general health, benefits status, and gender, predicted successful re-entry to the workforce. We discuss these findings in the context of the need for more explicitly-defined interventions, as well as the need for additional information on factors that may hinder or facilitate workforce re-entry among people with HIV/AIDS.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to review what is known about return to productivity roles for people who have HIV/AIDS and HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND), to highlight gaps in knowledge and practice for assisting people with HAND to engage in productivity roles, to describe an occupational therapy assessment system that overcomes some of the limitations of current research and practice, and to demonstrate the clinical utility of this instrument for use with clients who have HAND. The participant in this study is a man with HIV Associated Dementia (HAD), one sub-type of HAND. The real-world impact of HAD on productivity role participation was assessed using the Perceive, Recall, Plan and Perform (PRPP) System of Task Analysis, an ecological assessment method. Productivity tasks assessed were those associated with this man's desire to become a volunteer grocery shopper. The assessment took place under naturalistic conditions in a grocery store. The participant demonstrated 28.6% mastery of the grocery shopping task. Performance was impacted on primarily by errors of accuracy and timing. Reasons for these errors centered on the participant's difficulties in applying cognitive strategies to perceive, recall, plan and perform the task. The PRPP System of Task Analysis shows promise in being able to identify errors in task mastery and the underlying cognitive strategy application errors that impact on mastery in people with HAND.Work 01/2010; 36(2):193-206. DOI:10.3233/WOR-2010-1020 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has proven effective in reducing HIV infection when treatment is available promptly for symptomatic persons in conditions of an emerging epidemic. Biologically, it is assumed that reduced genital tract inflammation reduces infectiousness for HIV as well as reducing susceptibility in HIV-uninfected persons. Male circumcision has been demonstrated effective in reducing risk for HIV infection in three separate trials from South Africa, Kenya, and Uganda. Global expansion of STI treatment and male circumcision programs are vital tools for control of HIV infection; current evidence is reviewed and research priorities are presented.Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 04/2007; 21(1):241-57, xi. DOI:10.1016/j.idc.2007.03.005 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Labour force participation has been identified as a critical social and health issue facing people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs). We conducted a scoping study (a form of literature synthesis that summarizes research findings, research activity, and identifies literature strengths and gaps) on labour force participation for PHAs, guided by a community advisory committee. We summarized information from 243 peer-reviewed articles and 42 reports from the grey literature, and synthesized the evidence into a preliminary conceptual framework with five components: (1) the meaning of work, (2) key factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing labour force participation, (3) factors affecting vulnerable populations, (4) strategies and supports for returning to or sustaining work, and (5) outcomes (benefits and risks) of labour force participation for individuals and employers. The framework supports the development of labour force initiatives requiring collaborative efforts in multiple domains (health, employment, community) by PHAs, rehabilitation professionals, employers, insurers, and policy makers.AIDS and Behavior 06/2011; 16(1):231-43. DOI:10.1007/s10461-011-9986-y · 3.49 Impact Factor