The zinc finger protein Ynr046w is plurifunctional and a component of the eRF1 methyltransferase in yeast
ABSTRACT Protein release factor eRF1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in complex with eRF3 and GTP, is methylated on a functionally crucial Gln residue by the S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase Ydr140w. Here we show that eRF1 methylation, in addition to these previously characterized components, requires a 15-kDa zinc-binding protein, Ynr046w. Co-expression in Escherichia coli of Ynr046w and Ydr140w allows the latter to be recovered in soluble form rather than as inclusion bodies, and the two proteins co-purify on nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid chromatography when Ydr140w alone carries a His tag. The crystal structure of Ynr046w has been determined to 1.7 A resolution. It comprises a zinc-binding domain built from both the N- and C-terminal sequences and an inserted domain, absent from bacterial and archaeal orthologs of the protein, composed of three alpha-helices. The active methyltransferase is the heterodimer Ydr140w.Ynr046w, but when alone, both in solution and in crystals, Ynr046w appears to be a homodimer. The Ynr046w eRF1 methyltransferase subunit is shared by the tRNA methyltransferase Trm11p and probably by two other enzymes containing a Rossman fold.
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ABSTRACT: During protein synthesis, release of polypeptide from the ribosome occurs when an in frame termination codon is encountered. Contrary to sense codons, which are decoded by tRNAs, stop codons present in the A-site are recognized by proteins named class I release factors, leading to the release of newly synthesized proteins. Structures of these factors bound to termination ribosomal complexes have recently been obtained, and lead to a better understanding of stop codon recognition and its coordination with peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis in bacteria. Release factors contain a universally conserved GGQ motif which interacts with the peptidyl-transferase centre to allow peptide release. The Gln side chain from this motif is methylated, a feature conserved from bacteria to man, suggesting an important biological role. However, methylation is catalysed by completely unrelated enzymes. The function of this motif and its post-translational modification will be discussed in the context of recent structural and functional studies.Biochimie 01/2012; 94(7):1533-43. DOI:10.1016/j.biochi.2012.01.005 · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The ubiquitous tripeptide Gly-Gly-Gln in class 1 polypeptide release factors triggers polypeptide release on ribosomes. The Gln residue in both bacterial and yeast release factors is N5-methylated, despite their distinct evolutionary origin. Methylation of eRF1 in yeast is performed by the heterodimeric methyltransferase (MTase) Mtq2p/Trm112p, and requires eRF3 and GTP. Homologues of yeast Mtq2p and Trm112p are found in man, annotated as an N6-DNA-methyltransferase and of unknown function. Here we show that the human proteins methylate human and yeast eRF1.eRF3.GTP in vitro, and that the MTase catalytic subunit can complement the growth defect of yeast strains deleted for mtq2.FEBS Letters 08/2008; 582(16):2352-6. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2008.05.045 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The eukaryotic small ribosomal subunit carries only four ribosomal (r) RNA methylated bases, all close to important functional sites. N(7)-methylguanosine (m(7)G) introduced at position 1575 on 18S rRNA by Bud23-Trm112 is at a ridge forming a steric block between P- and E-site tRNAs. Here we report atomic resolution structures of Bud23-Trm112 in the apo and S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM)-bound forms. Bud23 and Trm112 interact through formation of a β-zipper involving main-chain atoms, burying an important hydrophobic surface and stabilizing the complex. The structures revealed that the coactivator Trm112 undergoes an induced fit to accommodate its methyltransferase (MTase) partner. We report important structural similarity between the active sites of Bud23 and Coffea canephora xanthosine MTase, leading us to propose and validate experimentally a model for G1575 coordination. We identify Bud23 residues important for Bud23-Trm112 complex formation and recruitment to pre-ribosomes. We report that though Bud23-Trm112 binds precursor ribosomes at an early nucleolar stage, m(7)G methylation occurs at a late step of small subunit biogenesis, implying specifically delayed catalytic activation. Finally, we show that Bud23-Trm112 interacts directly with the box C/D snoRNA U3-associated DEAH RNA helicase Dhr1 supposedly involved in central pseudoknot formation; this suggests that Bud23-Trm112 might also contribute to controlling formation of this irreversible and dramatic structural reorganization essential to overall folding of small subunit rRNA. Our study contributes important new elements to our understanding of key molecular aspects of human ribosomopathy syndromes associated with WBSCR22 (human Bud23) malfunction.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12/2014; 111(51):5518-5526. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1413089111 · 9.81 Impact Factor