Body Dissatisfaction Prospectively Predicts Depressive Mood and Low Self-Esteem in Adolescent Girls and Boys

La Trobe University, School of Psychological Science, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.92). 12/2006; 35(4):539-49. DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3504_5
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This research examined whether body dissatisfaction prospectively predicted depressive mood and low self-esteem in adolescent girls and boys 5 years later. Participants were early-adolescent girls (n = 440, Time 1 M age = 12.7 years) and boys (n = 366, Time 1 M age = 12.8 years) and midadolescent girls (n = 946, Time 1 M age = 15.8 years) and boys (n = 764, Time 1 M age = 15.9 years). After controlling for Time 1 of the relevant dependent variable, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and body mass index, Time 1 body dissatisfaction was a unique predictor of Time 2 depressive mood and low self-esteem in early-adolescent girls (depressive mood: F = 4.80, p < .05; self-esteem: F = 9.64, p < .01) and midadolescent boys (depressive mood: F = 12.27, p < .001; self-esteem: F = 9.38, p < .01) but not in early-adolescent boys or midadolescent girls. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that body dissatisfaction is a risk factor for depressive mood and low self-esteem in both girls and boys but in different phases of adolescence.

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Available from: Susan J Paxton, Sep 29, 2015
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    • "In adolescence, depression has been shown to be concomitant with other psychosocial adjustment problems, including low self-esteem, negative body image and poor academic functioning (Lehtinen et al. 2006; Paxton et al. 2006); depression can be particularly damaging for children and adolescents whose burgeoning growth patterns are still inchoate. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the relationship between adolescent depression, levels of sleep and family functioning in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. Participants were selected from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and were split into two separate groups: those who reported getting insufficient amounts of sleep (i.e., 1 to 6 hours/night), and those who reported getting typical amounts of sleep (7 to 10 hours/night). Primary results indicated significant negative relationships between depression and relationships with mother, father and family connectedness. Additionally, for the low-sleep males, a significant negative relationship was found between depression and positive relationship with father, and for low-sleep females, a significant negative relationship was found between depression and a positive relationship with mother and with high levels of family connectedness. Collectively, these results indicate that positive perceptions of parent and family relationships seem to help adolescents avoid depression when they are concurrently experiencing problematic sleep.
    Journal of Family Studies 12/2014; 17(1):9-23. DOI:10.5172/jfs.2011.17.1.9 · 0.25 Impact Factor
    • "Conversely, greater satisfaction with one's body has been shown to be associated with more positive health behaviours, including fruit and vegetable consumption (Ba and Kiziltan 2007) and engagement with physical activity (Kruger et al. 2008). Second, negative body image has been shown to be associated with poorer psychological well-being more generally (Keery et al. 2004), particularly symptoms of depression (Paxton et al. 2006), depressive mood (Mond et al. 2011), and lower self-esteem (Wertheim et al. 2001; van den Berg et al. 2010). It has been suggested that these negative effects occur partly because body image and corporeal experiences more generally are so highly embedded in women's live (Cash et al. 2004a; Lewis and Donaghue 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Studies that have examined associations between body image and well-being have used limited measures of the former or have utilised small convenience samples. Here, we report on data from 9,667 Western women (US residents n = 8,925, non-US residents n = 742) who completed the online YouBeauty Body Image Survey. Respondents completed measures of weight-based body dissatisfaction, body appreciation, and subjective happiness, and provided demographic data including their education, age, and body mass index (BMI). Preliminary analyses indicated that 89.0 % of women evidenced weight-based body dissatisfaction, with the majority (84.1 %) wanting to be thinner. Path analysis showed that body appreciation positively predicted subjective happiness. BMI was negatively associated with body appreciation, but showed a direct positive association associated with subjective happiness. Controlling for BMI, body dissatisfaction had no significant association with subjective happiness. In addition, older and non-US respondents had higher body appreciation. Implications of the present results for intervention studies aimed at promoting healthier body image are discussed in conclusion.
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    • "Positive relationships have been identified between poor body image and low self-esteem and health problems such as eating disorders (Chisuwa and O’Dea, 2010; Ata, 2003; Breines et al., 2008; O’Dea and Abraham, 2000; Paxton et al., 2006; Stice, 2002; Graber et al., 1994), depression and other mental health issues (Ambresin et al., 2012), obesity (Bak-Sosnowska, 2008), and being physically inactive (Huang et al., 2007). Also, poor body image has been associated with unhealthy weight loss practices such as engaging in extreme dieting behaviours like purging, and also binge eating (Heinicke et al., 2007; Paxton, 2000; Paxton, 1993). "
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