Adenylylcyclase gene transfer increases function of the failing heart.
ABSTRACT A persistent question in cardiovascular gene transfer concerns whether an exogenously delivered gene can increase function of the failing heart. Here we test the hypothesis that intracoronary delivery of adenovirus encoding adenylylcyclase type VI (Ad.ACVI) in the setting of active heart failure will increase function of the failing heart. As a model of heart failure, we used transgenic mice with dilated and poorly functioning hearts resulting from cardiac-directed expression of Galphaq.Galphaq mice with equivalent pretreatment impairment in left ventricular (LV) function (echocardiography) received 2.5x1010 viral particles of Ad.ACVI or Ad.EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein), or saline, by indirect intracoronary delivery. Serial echocardiograms obtained before and 14 days after gene transfer showed that Ad.ACVI increased LV ejection fraction (p<0.01) and velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (p<0.03). Detailed measurements in isolated hearts showed that ACVI gene transfer increased LV positive dP/dt (p=0.02) and LV negative dP/dt (p=0.01). Gene transfer was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. These data show that, in an animal model that mimics key aspects of clinical congestive heart failure, cardiac gene transfer of ACVI increases function of the failing heart.
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ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a progressive, debilitating disease that is characterized by inadequate contractility of the heart. With an aging population, the incidence and economic burden of managing heart failure are anticipated to increase substantially. Drugs for heart failure only slow its progression and offer no cure. However, results of recent clinical trials using recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene delivery offer the promise, for the first time, that heart failure can be reversed. The strategy is to improve contractility of cardiac muscle cells by enhancing their ability to store calcium through increased expression of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase pump (SERCA2a). Preclinical trials have also identified other proteins involved in calcium cycling in cardiac muscle that are promising targets for gene therapy in heart failure, including the following: protein phosphatase 1, adenylyl cyclase 6, G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2, phospholamban, SUMO1, and S100A1. These preclinical and clinical trials represent a "quiet revolution" that may end up being one of the most significant and remarkable breakthroughs in modern medical practice. Of course, a number of uncertainties remain, including the long-term utility and wisdom of improving the contractile performance of "sick" muscle cells. In this regard, gene therapy may turn out to be a way of buying additional time for actual cardiac regeneration to occur using cardiac stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells.F1000prime reports. 08/2013; 5:27.
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ABSTRACT: Gene therapy, aimed at the correction of key pathologies being out of reach for conventional drugs, bears the potential to alter the treatment of cardiovascular diseases radically and thereby of heart failure. Heart failure gene therapy refers to a therapeutic system of targeted drug delivery to the heart that uses formulations of DNA and RNA, whose products determine the therapeutic classification through their biological actions. Among resident cardiac cells, cardiomyocytes have been the therapeutic target of numerous attempts to regenerate systolic and diastolic performance, to reverse remodeling and restore electric stability and metabolism. Although the concept to intervene directly within the genetic and molecular foundation of cardiac cells is simple and elegant, the path to clinical reality has been arduous because of the challenge on delivery technologies and vectors, expression regulation, and complex mechanisms of action of therapeutic gene products. Nonetheless, since the first demonstration of in vivo gene transfer into myocardium, there have been a series of advancements that have driven the evolution of heart failure gene therapy from an experimental tool to the threshold of becoming a viable clinical option. The objective of this review is to discuss the current state of the art in the field and point out inevitable innovations on which the future evolution of heart failure gene therapy into an effective and safe clinical treatment relies.Circulation Research 08/2013; 113(6):792-809. · 11.09 Impact Factor
- Journal of the American Heart Association. 07/2013; 2(4):e000119.