Communal housing settings enhance substance abuse recovery

Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.23). 11/2006; 96(10):1727-9. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.070839
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Oxford Houses are democratic, mutual help-oriented recovery homes for individuals with substance abuse histories. There are more than 1200 of these houses in the United States, and each home is operated independently by its residents, without help from professional staff. In a recent experiment, 150 individuals in Illinois were randomly assigned to either an Oxford House or usual-care condition (i.e., outpatient treatment or self-help groups) after substance abuse treatment discharge. At the 24-month follow-up, those in the Oxford House condition compared with the usual-care condition had significantly lower substance use, significantly higher monthly income, and significantly lower incarceration rates.


Available from: Leonard A Jason, Apr 18, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For more than 150 years, support for the personal resolution of severe and persistent alcohol and other drug problems in the United States has been provided through three mechanisms: family, kinship, and informal social networks; peer-based recovery mutual-aid societies; and professionally directed addiction treatment. This article: (1) briefly reviews the history of these traditional recovery supports, (2) describes the recent emergence of new recovery support institutions and a distinctive, all-inclusive culture of recovery, and (3) discusses the implications of these recent developments for the future of addiction treatment and recovery in the United States.
    Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery 04/2012; 7(2-4):297-317. DOI:10.1080/1556035X.2012.705719
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Peer support is integral to a variety of approaches to alcohol and drug problems. However, there is limited information about the best ways to facilitate it. The "social model" approach developed in California offers useful suggestions for facilitating peer support in residential recovery settings. Key principles include using 12-step or other mutual-help group strategies to create and facilitate a recovery environment, involving program participants in decision making and facility governance, using personal recovery experience as a way to help others, and emphasizing recovery as an interaction between the individual and their environment. Although limited in number, studies have shown favorable outcomes for social model programs. Knowledge about social model recovery and how to use it to facilitate peer support in residential recovery homes varies among providers. This article presents specific, practical suggestions for enhancing social model principles in ways that facilitate peer support in a range of recovery residences.
    Journal of psychoactive drugs 11/2014; 46(5):436-43. DOI:10.1080/02791072.2014.960112 · 1.10 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery 06/2014; 9(2):126-142. DOI:10.1080/1556035X.2014.906777