Analysis of in vitro replicated human hepatitis C virus (HCV) for the determination of genotypes and quasispecies

Department of Biology, California Lutheran University, Thousand Oaks, California, USA.
Virology Journal (Impact Factor: 2.09). 02/2006; 3:81. DOI: 10.1186/1743-422X-3-81
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Isolation and self-replication of infectious HCV has been a difficult task. However, this is needed for the purposes of developing rational drugs and for the analysis of the natural virus. Our recent report of an in vitro system for the isolation of human HCV from infected patients and their replication in tissue culture addresses this challenge. At California Institute of Molecular Medicine several isolates of HCV, called CIMM-HCV, were grown for over three years in cell culture. This is a report of the analysis of CIMM-HCV isolates for subtypes and quasispecies using a 269 bp segment of the 5'UTR. HCV RNA from three patients and eleven CIMM-HCV were analyzed for this purpose. All isolates were essentially identical. Isolates of HCV from one patient were serially transmitted into fresh cells up to eight times and the progeny viruses from each transmission were compared to each other and also to the primary isolates from the patient's serum. Some isolates were also transmitted to different cell types, while others were cultured continuously without retransmission for over three years. We noted minor sequence changes when HCV was cultured for extended periods of time. HCV in T-cells and non-committed lymphoid cells showed a few differences when compared to isolates obtained from immortalized B-cells. These viruses maintained close similarity despite repeated transmissions and passage of time. There were no subtypes or quasispecies noted in CIMM-HCV.

Download full-text


Available from: Dennis Revie, Jul 04, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We recently reported the isolation and in vitro replication of hepatitis C virus. These isolates were termed CIMM-HCV and analyzed to establish genotypes and subtypes, which are reported elsewhere. During this analysis, an HCV isolated from a patient was discovered that had large deletions in the 5'UTR. 57% of the HCV RNA found in this patient's sera had 113 or 116 bp deletions. Sequence data showed that domains IIIa to IIIc were missing. Previous studies have suggested that these domains may be important for translation. In vitro replicated HCV from this patient did not contain these deletions, however, it contained a 148 bp deletion in the 5'UTR. Whereas the patient HCV lacked domains IIIa through IIIc, the isolate lacked domains IIIa through IIId. HCV from this patient continues to produce large deletions in vitro, suggesting that the deletion may not be important for the assembly or replication of the virus. This is the first report describing these large deletions.
    Virology Journal 02/2006; 3:82. DOI:10.1186/1743-422X-3-82 · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a causative agent of chronic liver disease leading to cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. The prevalence of HCV is estimated as 3% of the world population and the virus is a major public health problem all over the world. For over 16 years, since HCV had been discovered, studies of the mechanisms of the viral life cycle and virus-host interactions have been hampered by the lack of a cell culture system allowing the virus to be grown in laboratory conditions. However, in recent years some new model systems to study HCV have been developed. The major breakthrough of the last two years was the cell culture system for maintaining the virus in an adapted hepatocyte-derived cell line. This review describes the techniques and applications of most of the in vitro systems and animal models currently used for working with hepatitis C virus.
    Acta biochimica Polonica 02/2007; 54(4):703-15. · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have developed a system that isolates and replicates HCV in vitro. These isolates are called CIMM-HCV. This system has made it possible to analyze the biology, nature, and extent of HCV variability, among other things. Individuals that are infected with HIV-1 are often also infected with HCV and HHV-6. In addition to HCV, our lab has systems for replicating HIV-1 and HHV-6. We asked whether all these viruses could infect the same cells. We report here the successful infection of a T-cell (CEM) by CIMM-HCV, HHV-6, and HIV-1. PCR analyses demonstrated that the CEM cells were productively infected by HHV-6A. RT-PCR showed that the same cell culture was positive for HCV and HIV-1. Co-infection of a T-cell by all three viruses was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). All these viruses are highly cytolytic; therefore, triply-infected cells were short lived. However, HIV-1 and HCV co-infected cells unexpectedly lasted for several weeks. Viral replication was unhindered and the phenomenon of 'dominance' was not observed in our experiments. In addition, CIMM-HCV was present in the perinuclear space, suggesting their possible synthesis in the nucleus. This report is based entirely on viruses produced in vitro in our laboratories. As part of the determinations of host ranges of these viruses, studies were designed to demonstrate the infection of a single cell by these viruses and to study the consequences of this phenomenon. All measurements were made on cultured cells and cell culture supernatants.
    Virology Journal 02/2007; 4:106. DOI:10.1186/1743-422X-4-106 · 2.09 Impact Factor

Similar Publications