A combined 28-day and 90-day oral (Gavage) study was conducted in male and female dogs to investigate the safety of PureLo, a non-caloric sweetener derived from the Chinese fruit Luo Han Guo, which achieves its sweetness from the presence of triterpene glycosides known as mogrosides. Three dogs of each sex were administered 10 mL/kg bw/day of either an aqueous solution providing 3000 mg/kg bw/day of PureLo or distilled water for either 28 days or 90 days. Measurements included clinical observations, body weight, food consumption, hematology, blood chemistry, urinalysis, gross necropsy, organ weight, and histopathology. There were no significant adverse effects on any of these measures. Based on the lack of toxicological effects in the study, the NOAEL for PureLo is 3000 mg/kg bw/day when administered to dogs by Gavage for 90 consecutive days.
"Its non-caloric properties and effects on the cancer chemopreventive and antioxidant, being used as sweetening are being used as sweetening agents for the patients with diabetes mellitus, adiposis, hypertension, heart disease and so on. Luohanguo products have been approved as dietary supplements in Japan, the United States, New Zealand and Australia . With the rapid rise in market demand, Luohanguo extracts have increased rapidly from two tons in 2002 to 60 tons in 2007, becoming one of the fastest growing traditional Chinese medicine extracts. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study analyzed the differences in karyotype and genetic variation between a mutant and wild-type Siraitia grosvenorii. Genetic variation included changes in genome and gene expression by SRAP molecular markers. Results showed that wild-type S. grosvenorii was diploid, with a chromosome number of 2n = 2x = 28, whereas the mutant was tetraploid with a chromosome number of 2n = 4x = 56. 4573 DNA bands were obtained using 189 different primer combinations, 577 of which were polymorphic, averaging 3.1 bands for each primer pair, while 1998 pairs were identical. There were no apparent differences on bands amplified by most primer pairs. After comparing the diploid and tetraploid strains, the data generally indicated that the polymorphism would be quite low. 2917 cDNA bands were generated using 133 primer combinations, and stable and clearly differential fragments were sorted out, cloned and sequenced. Ninety-two differentially expressed fragments were successfully sequenced. Sequence analysis showed that most fragments had significant homologous nucleotide sequences with resistant to stress and photosynthesis genes, including ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, pyruvate kinase, peroxisomal membrane transporter, NBS-LRR type resistance protein, protein phosphatase and others. The results revealed that the tetraploid strain has more resistant and photosynthesis ability than its diploid relatives, which providing reference information and resources for molecular breeding and seedless Luohanguo.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 28-day dietary study was conducted in Hsd:SD rats to evaluate the safety of PureLo, a non-caloric powdered concentrate of the Chinese fruit Luo Han Guo, which derives its sweetening properties from triterpene glycosides called mogrosides. Groups of 20 rats (10/sex/group) were fed diets containing 0, 10,000, 30,000, or 100,000 ppm PureLo for 28 days (OECD, Redbook 2000). PureLo was well tolerated and produced no significant adverse effects. Reduced body weight and body weight gain in high-dose animals of both sexes were related to sporadic reductions in food consumption; there were no overall differences in feed efficiency. Statistically significant changes in clinical chemistry (decreased bilirubin, increased total protein) and relative organ weights of liver, adrenals, ovaries and/or testes, and epididymides were not correlated with any histopathological findings and were not considered adverse. Although a few clinical and pathological findings suggest possible treatment-related effects, particularly in the high-dose group, these findings were transient, not dose-dependent, non-adverse, inconsistent, occurred only in one sex, and/or not supported by histopathological findings. Under the conditions of this study and based on the toxicological endpoints evaluated, the NOAEL for PureLo was 100,000 ppm in the diet, the highest level tested, equivalent to 7.07 and 7.48 g/kg bw/day for male and female rats, respectively.
Food and Chemical Toxicology 04/2008; 46(3):910-9. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2007.10.013 · 2.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Siraitia grosvenorii is a perennial herb endemic to Guangxi province of China. Its fruit, commonly known as Luo hanguo, and has been used for hundreds of years as a natural sweetener and as a traditional medicine for the treatment of pharyngitis, pharyngeal pain, as well as an anti-tussive remedy in China. Based on ninety-three literary sources, this review summarized the advances in chemistry, biological effects, and toxicity research of S. grosvenorii during the past 30 years. Several different classes of compounds have been isolated or detected from various parts of S. grosvenorii, mainly triterpenoids, flavonoids, polysaccharides, amino acids, and essential oils. Various types of extracts or individual compounds derived from this species exhibited a wide array of biological effects e.g. anti-tussive, phlegm-relieving, anti-oxidant, immunomodulatory, liver-protecting, glucose-lowering, and anti-microbial. The existing research has shown that extracts and individual compounds from S. grosvenorii are basically non-toxic. Finally, some suggestions for further research on specific chemical and pharmacological properties of S. grosvenorii are proposed in this review.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 02/2014; 12(2):89–102. DOI:10.1016/S1875-5364(14)60015-7 · 1.11 Impact Factor
G J Nataraju, Ramchandra K Ranvir, Viren R Kothule, Shekhar B Kadam, B V Ravichandra, Upendra Bhatnagar, Mukul R Jain
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