Article

Outcomes of subcapital cuneiform osteotomy for the treatment of severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis after skeletal maturity

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex HA7 4LP, UK.
The Bone & Joint Journal (Impact Factor: 2.8). 11/2006; 88(10):1379-84. DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.88B10.17719
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We reviewed prospectively, after skeletal maturity, a series of 24 patients (25 hips) with severe acute-on-chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis which had been treated by subcapital cuneiform osteotomy. Patients were followed up for a mean of 8 years, 3 months (2 years, 5 months to 16 years, 4 months). Bedrest with 'slings and springs' had been used for a mean of 22 days (19 to 35) in 22 patients, and bedrest alone in two, before definitive surgery. The Iowa hip score, the Harris hip score and Boyer's radiological classification for degenerative disease were used. The mean Iowa hip score at follow-up was 93.7 (69 to 100) and the mean Harris hip score 95.6 (78 to 100). Degenerative joint changes were graded as 0 in 19 hips, grade 1 in four and grade 2 in two. The rate of avascular necrosis was 12% (3 of 25) and the rate of chondrolysis was 16% (4 of 25). We conclude that after a period of bed rest with slings and springs for three weeks to gain stability, subcapital cuneiform osteotomy for severe acute-on-chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a satisfactory method of treatment with an acceptable rate of complication.

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